According to tradition, Karl conquered the
great Andorra from the Moors in the 8th century AD, but
the true origin of the principality is disputed.
The small country was placed in 1278 under the
sovereignty of the Spanish bishop of Urgell and the
French Count of Foix. The latter's rights passed in
Henry IV to the French crown in 1607. The two regents
had almost feudal power over Andorra. The system was
abolished during the French Revolution of 1789 but
reintroduced by Napoleon. Andorra is still paying a
symbolic fee, a so-called questia consisting of ham,
bread and wine for both heads of the republic.
Comprehensive guide to and popular abbreviations of Andorra, covering history, economy, and social conditions.
In the early 1930s, the Andorans repeatedly expressed
their dissatisfaction with political conditions. A
proposal by the Andorran Parliament, the General
Council, in 1933 to introduce universal suffrage for men
was rejected by the two regents. Later that year,
however, the first elections were allowed. The right to
vote in these had all men over 25 whose family lived in
the country for at least three generations.
Andorra was neutral during both the First and Second
World Wars as well as during the Spanish Civil War