The area that today constitutes Bahrain is
believed to have been populated as early as 2500 years
before Christ. During the course of history, many people
have claimed the kingdom. During the 18th century, the
current ruling family, Al Khalifa, took power, but the
country came under British protection in the 19th
century. Bahrain became the first in the region to
extract oil in the 1930s.
Archaeological finds show that the area that today
constitutes Bahrain has been inhabited for a very long
time. Here, the trading town of Dilmun, the Sumerian,
Babylonian and Assyrian scriptures, was about 2500 BC.
It is mentioned in wedge writings and is believed to
have built its wealth on vegetable cultivation and trade
between Mesopotamia (the land between the rivers,
present-day Iraq) and the Indus Valley. Archaeological
excavations have been carried out in several places in
Bahrain, where among other things, foundations of
houses, tombs / burial mounds and cult sites have been
found. The findings are interpreted, among other things,
as the worldview of the time reminded of the religion of
ancient Egypt, with a focus on life after that. Qal'at
al-Bahrain, the capital of the Dilmun civilization, was
named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2005.
Comprehensive guide to and popular abbreviations of Bahrain, covering history, economy, and social conditions.
Later, Bahrain became part of the Persian Empire for
hundreds of years, and is governed by several different
The country was Islamized early in the history of
Islam, which dates back to the 600s, according to
Western times. Bahrain was built under Arab caliphate
until the 11th century. Arab seafarers also dominated
trade with Asia during the Middle Ages, and Bahrain was
known for its pearl fishing.
As interest from Portugal grew, not least for spice
trade with Southeast Asia, Bahrain came under Portuguese
rule in the 16th century. But Persian influence remained
strong, and during the Safavid dynasty, the Portuguese
were forced away from almost all their strongholds in
the Persian Gulf. Portugal also soon weakened as a major
power, and Britain took over as the dominant
long-distance stakeholder in Asia.
In 1782, the Bahrain Islands were conquered by a
Bedouin tribe from the Arabian mainland. That brought
the current ruling family of Al Khalifa to power.
During the 19th century, both Persia and the Ottoman
Empire (Turkey) claimed Bahrain, which sought support
from the British. A protection treaty was signed in 1861
against the country pledging to renounce war, piracy and
Unlike other emirates protected by the United
Kingdom, an active opposition to the growing British
influence arose quite early in Bahrain. After World War
II strikes and protests against the British occurred.
At the same time, the emir's British advisers pushed
for the development towards a modern welfare state,
which was made possible by the use of oil money. By
1932, oil had begun to be extracted in Bahrain.
al-Wifaq wins parliamentary elections
In the elections to the parliament's lower house, al-Wifaq is the largest
with 18 of the 40 seats. For several months before the elections, Shiite groups
have been protesting and many criticisms of regime critics have been made.
Field Cheats Report
After two years of investigation, a parliamentary group presents a report on
state land that has been privatized, without any purchase price being
registered. Mark is worth twice as much as Bahrain's GDP has been transferred,
in many cases to members of the royal family. The land issue is sensitive in the