In the 8th century, the Angolan kingdom grew
in the area that today constitutes Cambodia. It
eventually came to include large parts of neighboring
countries. The kingdom began to decay in the 13th
century and was increasingly forced to submit to the
growing powers of Thailand and Vietnam. The country was
about to be swallowed up by neighboring countries when
France entered colonial power. During World War II,
Cambodia was occupied by Japan and a nationalist
movement emerged. After the war, the French returned but
in 1953 Cambodia became an independent state under the
leadership of King Sihanouk.
Comprehensive guide to and popular abbreviations of Cambodia, covering history, economy, and social conditions.
The area that today constitutes Cambodia has been
populated for millennia. Yet there is no documented
history until just after the time of Christ's birth.
Then came the kingdom of Funan, which was intersected by
trade routes and influenced mainly by Indian religion,
politics and culture.
Funan, who was ruled by a large number of princely
families, was weakened by internal strife and collapsed
in the early 700s.
The competition for control of the Mekong Valley led
to war. As victorious party emerged in the 800s Angkor
kingdom that would become the Khmer culture. The leaders
of Angkor developed defense, police and justice systems
and built up the city of Siem Reap. This was surrounded
by an advanced irrigation system that caused the rice
production to increase sharply.
The Angkor kingdom peaked in the 1100s, when the
Angkor Vat Temple was built and King Jayavarman VII -
the first Khmer Buddhist leader of the Khmer -
introduced a state welfare system. At that time, in
addition to Cambodia, the kingdom also included parts of
the Malacca peninsula as well as parts of today's
Vietnam and Laos. At the end of the 13th century, the
kingdom began to decline. In the 15th century, Siem Reap
and other cities were raided by Thai conquerors and
Until the end of the 19th century, Cambodia was
increasingly forced to submit to its neighbors Thailand
and Vietnam. Vietnam cut off Cambodia from the coast in
the late 1600s by subjugating the Mekong Delta. In order
to avoid being completely colonized, Cambodia sought
support from Thailand, which instead led to Thailand
having almost complete control over the country.
Cambodia then turned to France and succeeded in 1863
in obtaining an agreement on protection. However, the
price was that Cambodia was reduced to a heavily taxed,
rice-producing colony. Only in connection with the
Japanese occupation during the Second World War did an
independence movement develop in the country. When the
Japanese were about to lose the war in 1945, an
independent Cambodia was proclaimed with the young
Norodom Sihanouk as king. The freedom, however, lasted
only a few months, until the French returned.
In the late 1940s, the French colonial power used
Cambodia as a base for its war against the guerrillas in
Vietnam, which pushed for increased demands for
independence. King Sihanouk began negotiations with
France, and Cambodia gained its independence on November
Investigative journalist is shot to death
Investigative journalist Taing Try is shot dead at a site for illegal logging
in the province of Kratie. A former soldier, a policeman and a military police
are arrested on suspicion of murder. In 2012, two other investigative
journalists were murdered as they investigated the links between illegal
logging, corruption and organized crime (see April 2012 and
Contested refugee agreement with Australia
The Cambodian Government has entered into an agreement with Australia to
receive some of the asylum-seeking refugees who have come to Australia by boat.
In return, Cambodia receives Australian aid and support for the equivalent of $
55 million over a four-year period. The agreement receives sharp criticism from,
among other things, human rights organizations who believe that Cambodia has a
lack of capacity to accept asylum seekers and also deficiencies in respect for
Life imprisonment for Khieu Samphan and Nuon Chea
The so-called Red Khmer Tribunal sentenced Khieu Samphan and Nuon Chea to
life imprisonment, but both appealed against the judges (see Political system).
Teenager is shot to death by soldier
A 19-year-old farmer is shot to death by a soldier in connection with a
conflict over land use.
British journalist is fined
British journalist Rupert Winchester, based in Phnom Penh, is required to pay
a total of $ 27,000 in fines and damages after writing on his blog plans to
demolish a colonial-era building to build a high-rise building. The Press
Freedom Organization Committee to Protect Journalists (CJP) expresses concern
about freedom of expression on the Internet in Cambodia.
CNRP cancels boycott of parliament
During a meeting between Sam Rainsy and Hun Sen, the Prime Minister promises
that the CNRP will have a seat in the Election Commission and that the party
should appoint a Deputy Speaker in Parliament. The CNRP then cancels its boycott
of Parliament's work. Sam Rainsy gets a seat in Parliament after another CNRP
Another company is listed on the stock exchange
One Taiwanese clothing manufacturer, Grand Twins International, will be the
second company to list on the now two-year-old stock exchange in Phnom Penh.
Journalist found dead at Angkor Wat
The remains of Canadian journalist Dave Walker are found at the Angkor Wat
Temple. Walker disappeared in February with a documentary about a man who saved
people from the Red Khmer. It is unclear if Walker died in an accident or if he
was subjected to a crime.
The Nationalist Party merges with the CNRP
The Nationalist Party announces that it amounts to CNRP.
Compromise between CPP and CNRP
Negotiations between the CPP and the CNRP lead to an agreement on a number of
reforms, among other things the election commission will change.
Prince Ranariddh back in politics
Prince Ranariddh announces his intention to re-enter politics and register a
new party: the Royalist People's Community. There is speculation that Hun Sen
wants to engage Ranariddh to strengthen support for his government.
Five factory workers are shot to death by police
Five workers are killed when security forces open fire to disperse strikers
demanding higher wages in the textile industry.