The Comorian islands are believed to have
been inhabited since the 5th century AD. Throughout the
period of the European Middle Ages, new ethnic groups
arrived in the islands, from both the African mainland
and the Middle East. Between 1908 and 1975 the Comoros
were a French colony.
The first inhabitants were probably Malays who
immigrated around the year 500, possibly via Madagascar.
After the Malays, Bantu people came from East Africa.
During the 1400s and 1500s, Arab and Persian merchants
began arriving in the islands and brought with them
Islam. The Comoros developed into a center for trade in
spices and slaves. From the 1780s, the islanders
themselves were haunted by slave hunters from
Comprehensive guide to and popular abbreviations of Comoros, covering history, economy, and social conditions.
At that time, the islands were divided into a dozen
small areas ruled by the sultan with Arabic roots. The
Sultanate was constantly in feud with one another, which
the French used in the mid-19th century to take control
of the island of Mayotte, and half a century later also
over the other three islands. In 1908, the Comoros
formally became a French colony. The colonial power
relied on the old Arab upper class and ruthlessly
defeated the popular uprisings that existed. Much of the
profits from the plantation's export crops went directly
In 1961, the Comoros gained internal autonomy, but
the demands for full independence nevertheless grew
strong. During the 1960s, several political parties were
formed, dominated by the conservative, French-friendly
elite. An independence movement also emerged among
Comoros abroad. However, it came as late as the 1970s
before independence could become a reality.
New free trade agreement
The Comoros and 25 other countries agree on a new free trade agreement, the
Tripartite Free Trade Area, which covers most of Africa between
Egypt in the north and South Africa in the south. However,
before the agreement can come into force, negotiations are required and the
agreement is approved by the parliaments of the countries.
Shared result in elections to Union Parliament
The second and final round of elections to the European Parliament is being
carried out. When the results of the two rounds are combined, 8 of the 24
mandates go to Union President Ikililou Dhoinine's support party Union
for the Development of the Comoros (UDC), while former
President Zambi's support party Juwa gets 7 seats.
Collection for Comoros Reconstruction (CRC) and
Democratic Collection for Comoros (DC) each
receive 2 seats. The remaining 5 seats are distributed between two small parties
and three independent candidates. The turnout is 73 percent. Election observers
from AU are present at both rounds.
First round of elections to Union Parliament
The first round of elections to the European Parliament is held, after being
postponed twice, partly because of problems with voting cards. The election
should have been held by April 2014. 3 of the 24 national mandates can be
appointed after the first round of elections. In the other 21 electoral
districts, a second round of voting must be held, as no candidate received more
than 50 percent of the vote. The turnout is 71 percent.