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Honduras Old History

 

The area that is today Honduras was inhabited early by various indigenous people. The Mayan people had their high culture between the 600 and 800 AD in the city now called Copán. Christofer Columbus landed on the north coast in 1502 and the area then began to be colonized by Spain after some resistance from the Lenca people. Lenca's chieftain Lempira was assassinated by the Spaniards in 1537. After Honduras independence in 1838, he became a national symbol and has named the country's currency, lempira.

The gold and silver deposits sought by the Spaniards were small in the area compared to other parts of Central America. Yet they led to fighting between Spaniards and indigenous peoples. Thousands of indigenous people were killed, others died in diseases brought by Europeans and some were sold as slaves to other Spanish possessions.

  • AbbreviationFinder.org: Comprehensive guide to and popular abbreviations of Honduras, covering history, economy, and social conditions.

Honduras was incorporated in 1570 into the group of Spanish colonies ruled from Guatemala. The Central American provinces declared themselves independent of Spain in 1821 and formed a loose federation, whose first president was the liberal Honduran Francisco Morazán Valle, now a national hero. In 1838 Honduras became an independent republic.

After independence, politics was characterized by a struggle between liberals who wanted to re-establish the federation, and conservatives, who opposed this. The country's economy was undeveloped and was based mainly on silver mining and livestock management during the 19th century. However, the situation in Honduras changed at the turn of the century, when fruit companies from the US had to take over large areas of land in exchange for building railways. The companies gained increasing influence at a rapid pace.

Old History of Honduras

In 1907, war broke out between Honduras and Nicaragua, where opposition Hondurans were given a sanctuary. During the war, the United States landed troops in Honduras for the first time to protect American companies in the country.

A time of hard dictatorship began in 1932. General Tiburcio Carías Andino, founder of the Conservative Nationalist Party, won the presidential election that year with the support of the United States and the banana company United Fruit Company. He made restrictions on the civil and political freedoms of Hondurans, and the prisons were filled with political prisoners. Carías Andino also pushed through constitutional changes so that he could remain in power until 1948, when opposition to the dictatorship grew so strongly that he was forced to resign.

2014

October

Help with combating corruption

The government signs an agreement with the organization Transparency International on help with transparency and transparency, to fight corruption.

September

Former social security manager is arrested

The former head of the state social security institute IHSS, Mario Zelaya, is arrested after being wanted since January. He is suspected of fraud, bribery and money laundering, and is believed to have spent millions of dollars. Zelaya was Head of IHSS 2010–2014, under President Lobo.

July

Meeting with the US President on the refugee issue

President Hernández and his colleagues from El Salvador and Guatemala meet US President Barack Obama at the White House and discuss a new crisis with unaccompanied refugee children seeking refuge in the United States from the three Central American countries. At least 57,000 children have arrived since October 2013. According to Obama, those involved have a "shared responsibility" to change the conditions that make the refugees leave. This applies to poverty, violence and difficult living conditions in the home countries, largely due to drug trafficking, but partly also information that the majority of refugees may not stay in the United States, even if they are minors.

February

US consuls are shut down

Eight of Honduras ten consuls in the United States are suspended from their assignments on suspicion of illegally issuing identity documents for up to $ 50. President Hernández says the suspicions reported in Honduran media should be investigated.

January

No opposition pact in Congress

January 27

Prior to Hernández's accession, Libre has tried to make a pact to oppose the National Congress, but the Liberal Party is allied with the Nationalist Party and the government has a majority. Zelaya, a newly elected member of Congress, is also calling for protests against financial reforms that have been drummed up by the outgoing Congress, which the Liberal Party also opposes. The outgoing Congress has taken several controversial measures lately, such as dismissing 18 judges and creating a new police force.

 
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