The area that is today Honduras was inhabited
early by various indigenous people. The Mayan people had
their high culture between the 600 and 800 AD in the
city now called Copán. Christofer Columbus landed on the
north coast in 1502 and the area then began to be
colonized by Spain after some resistance from the Lenca
people. Lenca's chieftain Lempira was assassinated by
the Spaniards in 1537. After Honduras independence in
1838, he became a national symbol and has named the
country's currency, lempira.
The gold and silver deposits sought by the Spaniards
were small in the area compared to other parts of
Central America. Yet they led to fighting between
Spaniards and indigenous peoples. Thousands of
indigenous people were killed, others died in diseases
brought by Europeans and some were sold as slaves to
other Spanish possessions.
Comprehensive guide to and popular abbreviations of Honduras, covering history, economy, and social conditions.
Honduras was incorporated in 1570 into the group of
Spanish colonies ruled from Guatemala. The Central
American provinces declared themselves independent of
Spain in 1821 and formed a loose federation, whose first
president was the liberal Honduran Francisco Morazán
Valle, now a national hero. In 1838 Honduras became an
After independence, politics was characterized by a
struggle between liberals who wanted to re-establish the
federation, and conservatives, who opposed this. The
country's economy was undeveloped and was based mainly
on silver mining and livestock management during the
19th century. However, the situation in Honduras changed
at the turn of the century, when fruit companies from
the US had to take over large areas of land in exchange
for building railways. The companies gained increasing
influence at a rapid pace.
In 1907, war broke out between Honduras and
Nicaragua, where opposition Hondurans were given a
sanctuary. During the war, the United States landed
troops in Honduras for the first time to protect
American companies in the country.
A time of hard dictatorship began in 1932. General
Tiburcio Carías Andino, founder of the Conservative
Nationalist Party, won the presidential election that
year with the support of the United States and the
banana company United Fruit Company. He made
restrictions on the civil and political freedoms of
Hondurans, and the prisons were filled with political
prisoners. Carías Andino also pushed through
constitutional changes so that he could remain in power
until 1948, when opposition to the dictatorship grew so
strongly that he was forced to resign.
Help with combating corruption
The government signs an agreement with the organization Transparency
International on help with transparency and transparency, to fight corruption.
Former social security manager is arrested
The former head of the state social security institute IHSS, Mario Zelaya, is
arrested after being wanted since January. He is suspected of fraud, bribery and
money laundering, and is believed to have spent millions of dollars. Zelaya was
Head of IHSS 2010–2014, under President Lobo.
Meeting with the US President on the refugee issue
President Hernández and his colleagues from El Salvador and Guatemala meet US
President Barack Obama at the White House and discuss a new crisis with
unaccompanied refugee children seeking refuge in the United States from the
three Central American countries. At least 57,000 children have arrived since
October 2013. According to Obama, those involved have a "shared responsibility"
to change the conditions that make the refugees leave. This applies to poverty,
violence and difficult living conditions in the home countries, largely due to
drug trafficking, but partly also information that the majority of refugees may
not stay in the United States, even if they are minors.
US consuls are shut down
Eight of Honduras ten consuls in the United States are suspended from their
assignments on suspicion of illegally issuing identity documents for up to $ 50.
President Hernández says the suspicions reported in Honduran media should be
No opposition pact in Congress
Prior to Hernández's accession, Libre has tried to make a pact to oppose the
National Congress, but the Liberal Party is allied with the Nationalist Party
and the government has a majority. Zelaya, a newly elected member of Congress,
is also calling for protests against financial reforms that have been drummed up
by the outgoing Congress, which the Liberal Party also opposes. The outgoing
Congress has taken several controversial measures lately, such as dismissing 18
judges and creating a new police force.