State formations have existed on the Korean Peninsula since well before our era. From the
end of the 1300s, Korea was ruled by the Chosond dynasty
(also called the Yid dynasty), although invasions and
the exercise of power from surrounding areas occurred.
The pressure from Japan increased in the late 1800s and
in 1910 the Japanese annexed Korea, which was for the
first time fully colonized.
Comprehensive guide to and popular abbreviations of North Korea, covering history, economy, and social conditions.
Best known for early state formation on the Korean
peninsula, Choson is, according to legend founded in
2333 BC by Tangun, a relative of the sun god. Choson's
center was on the river Taedong in the northwest. The
empire expanded northward but was crushed in 108 BC by
Chinese forces, which founded military colonies
throughout the peninsula.
Outside the colonies, Korean city-states were
developed, including Koguryo, who drove the Chinese away
in the early 300s. At that time, there were three major
Korean kingdoms: Paekche in the southwest, Silla in the
southeast, and Koguryo in the north. During the 600s,
Silla subordinated the others and united the entire
peninsula. After a short period of prosperity, Silla
fell apart in the late 700s, and in 918 a new dynasty,
Koryo, came to power.
In the 13th century the peninsula was invaded by
Mongols, and in the 13th century came attacks from
China. In 1392, the Choson Dynasty (also called the Yi
Dynasty) was founded - with Seoul as its capital. It had
a brief heyday in the 15th century, when the Hangul
writing language was created, but then Choson weakened.
At the end of the 16th century, Korea was exposed to
Japanese attacks that devastated the country. The
attacks were followed by Chinese invasions in the early
17th century, and Korea became a Chinese sound state.
Apart from contacts with China, Korea then isolated
itself from the outside world until 1875. At that time,
Korea was forced to give the Japanese access to Korean
ports. Korea became a Japanese protectorate in 1905.
Five years later, the Japanese annexed the country and
pursued a harsh colonization policy.
Hydrogen bomb hints
Kim Jong-Un comes in a statement suggesting that the country has developed a
New US sanctions
The United States is imposing new sanctions on North Korea for its actions in
the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and conventional weapons. The
sanctions are directed at the Strategic Rocket Force and three shipping
companies and two banks, prohibiting transactions and freezing assets in the
United States. Shipping companies are suspected of carrying illegal weapons.
Government representatives in conversation
Government representatives for North Korea and South Korea meet for talks.
Meetings should plan for upcoming meetings.
Reunification of families
Hundreds of South Koreans travel to North Korea for a reunion with family
members. Thousands of families split during the Korean War and have had little
or no contact since then. The International Red Cross organizes meetings between
South and North Koreans.
Nuclear reactor active again
North Korea announces that nuclear reactor in Yongbyon is back on track. The
Yongbyon plant has produced plutonium for North Korea's nuclear weapons program.
Critical position after loudspeaker exclamation
According to state media, Kim Jong-Un is said to have put the country's
troops in combat readiness. The reaction comes after South Korea resumed
propaganda broadcasts aimed at North Korea via speakers at the border after a
period of eleven years. Shelling from both sides of the border also occurs.
South Korea's military was also in readiness. To end the loudspeaker calls,
South Korea, in return, demands that Pyongyang apologize for putting out
landmines in the demilitarized zone between the countries, which injured two
South Korean soldiers. Both countries for high-level talks to resolve the tense
situation. A few days later, the countries will agree that South Korea will
cease speaker broadcasts and North Korea in return withdraw troops mobilized at
Own time zone is introduced
North Korea faces its own time zone, Pyongyang Time. Instead of being like
Japan and South Korea, nine hours before GMT (Greenwich Mean Time and eight
hours before Swedish time), the clocks are reset half an hour on August 15. The
whole is a mark against Japan in connection with the celebration of the end of
the Second World War 70 years ago. Japan, during its occupation of Korea,
changed the time zone of the Korean Peninsula.
State media reports that the country was hit by the worst drought in a
hundred years. Authorities fear that agricultural production could fall by more
than 20 percent if drought continues in July.
Deputy Prime Minister executed
Later comes information that even Deputy Prime Minister Choe Yong-Gon was
executed after he questioned Kim Jong-Un's policies.
The Minister of Defense is executed
Defense Minister Hyon Yong-Choi has been executed, South Korea's intelligence
service said. The Defense Minister, who was one of Kim Jong-Un's closest men,
must have fallen asleep at a meeting and failed to follow orders and therefore
executed with a weapon intended to shoot down aircraft.
Report on abducted foreigners
The UN Human Rights Council strongly criticizes North Korea for its
"systematic kidnapping" of foreigners. According to a UN report, nearly 200,000
foreigners from at least twelve countries had been abducted over the years. Most
of them were South Koreans.
More missiles are fired
North Korea launches two short-range missiles into the sea on the same day as
the US and South Korea launch the annual joint military exercises.
Missiles are fired in protest
North Korea launches five short-range missiles into the sea in a protest
against US and South Korea military exercises next month.
Shipping company is accused in UN report
In an expert report to the UN Security Council, the black-listed North Korean
shipping company is accused of circumventing the sanctions by renaming their
vessels and registering them in other countries. OMM was blacklisted by the
Security Council in July 2014 after trying to smuggle North Korean weapons to
Cuba. One year earlier, one of the company's vessels with arms smuggling was
captured through the Panama Canal.
New ship missile is being tested
At the beginning of the month, North Korea is testing a new missile to be
used against ships. According to state media, it is a whole new type of rocket
that will mean a lot to the country's defense of its sea areas. The missile is
said to have been developed by domestic scientists, but according to analysts
around the world it is similar to a Russian missile, KH-35.
US sanctions following cyber attack
The United States imposes sanctions on three organizations and ten
individuals in North Korea, as a direct result of the cyber attack against Sony.
The sanctions are aimed, among other things, at the country's most important
intelligence service, the largest arms dealer and a trading company that
supports defense research. Trade between the United States and North Korea is
very limited, so the sanctions are mostly symbolic.
Invitation to Summit
In a New Year's speech, Kim Jong-Un invites to the summit at the highest
level with South Korea. If Pyongyang's terms are approved, he may want to meet
his South Korean colleague Park Geun-Hye, he says.