Today's Slovenia was ruled by Ístrom when the
Catholic Church started winning over the Slovenes in the
7th century. The Roman-Roman emperor took over the area,
which in the 13th century was connected to the prince's
house Habsburg. After World War I, Slovenia ended up in
what became the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. During World War
II, Slovenia was occupied by Germany, Italy and Hungary.
After the war, the area was incorporated in Communist
Yugoslavia, which was then established.
The Slavic ancestors of the Slovenians settled in the
500s in what is today Slovenia, which was then part of
the East Roman (Byzantine) empire. Greater or smaller
parts of the area then, for a few centuries, obeyed
various rulers, such as Hungarians, Bavarians and
Comprehensive guide to and popular abbreviations of Slovenia, covering history, economy, and social conditions.
In the 7th century, the Catholic Church began to
convert the Slovenes and in the beginning of the 8th,
the German-Roman emperor Karl took great control of the
area. However, Ístrom retained influence on the Istrian
peninsula and along the Adriatic coast.
In the middle of the 1300s, the area was connected to
the German-Austrian prince Habsburg, during which the
Slovenes came to obey until 1918, with a break for
1809-1813 when the Slovenian territories were part of
Napoleon's French empire with Ljubljana as the capital
of the imperial province of the empire.
In the middle of the 19th century, the first
Slovenian political organizations were formed within the
Habsburg Empire. Some wanted to remain within the
empire, some dreamed of a South Slavic (Yugoslav, "jugo"
= south) nation and others advocated an independent
Slovenia. South Slavic nationalism had taken root
farther south, in Serbia and Croatia, and gained air
under the wings of Habsburg's hardships in the First
World War. When representatives of the South Slavic
groups met on the island of Corfu in 1917, the
Slovenians also participated. At the meeting, it was
decided to form a state under the Serbian crown.
In December 1918, following the collapse of
Austria-Hungary, the “Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and
Slovenes” was proclaimed under the King of Serbia,
Aleksandar. The former Austrian provinces of Styria and
Krain joined the newly formed state, while fighting came
to an end over the province of Carinthia. After military
clashes and a referendum in 1920, Austria left the area
of Gorizia, with a significant Slovenian population,
to Italy, while some smaller Slovenian speaking areas in
Hungary joined the southern Slavic kingdom. This changed
its name to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1929.
This first Yugoslavia was poor and politically
troubled. Serbs and Croats disputed whether it was a
federation or a centralized state. Supporters of a
central state, mainly the Serbs, won. The state was
ruled from the Serbian capital Belgrade. The Slovenes
succeeded in achieving a certain degree of
self-government, not least through their linguistic
specificity. The Slovenian leader, the priest Anton
Korošec, was elected prime minister. When an influential
Croat was shot down in Parliament, the country was close
to civil war and in 1929 King Aleksandar repealed the
constitution. He ruled the country as dictator until he
was assassinated in 1934.
At the outbreak of World War II in 1939, Yugoslavia
began to fall apart. Croatia gained self-government and
many Slovenes strived in the same direction. In April
1941, German and Italian forces entered Yugoslavia. The
Slovenian territories were divided between Germany,
Italy and Hungary.
A liberation front was formed in Slovenia, which
fought the occupation in collaboration with Communist
Party leader Josip Broz Tito's partisans from other
parts of the country. In parallel, there was also a
conflict between Domobranci (the White Guard),
which cooperated with the occupants, and the resistance
groups. Tito's partisan army liberated Yugoslavia and a
Federal Socialist Republic was formed in 1945 with
Slovenia as one of six sub-republics. This laid the
foundation for Slovenia's independence.
Big strike against frozen wages
Half of all public servants, 80,000 people, go on strike after the government
decides to freeze their salaries in the light of the economic crisis.
Apology for 'erased'
Parliament Speaker Pavel Ganter apologizes more than officially that more
than 25,000 people were removed from the registers a year after independence in
1991. It was mainly people from other Yugoslav republics who were "obliterated"
when they did not claim Slovenian citizenship, and thus lost social rights.
Yes to border settlement
In a referendum held on the initiative of the opposition, voters approve with
a marginal margin the border settlement with Croatia.
Slovenia in the OECD
Slovenia becomes a full member of the Organization for Economic Co-operation
and Development (OECD).
Support party leaves the government
Desus leaves the government coalition, but the only vintage party
representative, Environment Minister Roko Zarnic, leaves the party and remains
in the government as independent.
New law makes new citizens
Thousands of Croats, Serbs, Bosnians and Romans who, after independence were
deprived of their citizenship, get their rights back through a new law (see also
Population and languages).
Criticism against the President
The opposition calls for the resignation of President Danilo Turk, after
giving a high government award to Tomaz Ertl, who during the Communist era led
the secret police and who is suspected of human rights violations.
The Minister for the Environment is leaving
Minister of the Environment Karl Erjavec, leader of Desus, resigns after the
audit accuses the Ministry of Economic Neglect.