In the 300s, several state states existed on
the Korean peninsula and only in the 600s was a united
kingdom formed. At the end of the 1300s, the area was
ruled by the Chosond dynasty (also called the Yid
dynasty) and Seoul became the capital. Although the
dynasty became increasingly weakened, it retained power
until 1910, when Korea was annexed by Japan.
The Koreans derive their civilization from the
kingdom of Choson, which according to legend was founded
in 2333 BC on the northwestern part of the Korean
peninsula. Around 300 BC, Choson is believed to have
expanded his empire into the present Chinese Manchuria.
In the year 108 BC, China conquered the northern part of
the Korean Peninsula and then had colonies there in the
northwest until the 4th century AD.
Comprehensive guide to and popular abbreviations of South Korea, covering history, economy, and social conditions.
Outside the colonies, several Korean city-states were
also developed, including Koguryo, which drove the
Chinese away in the early 300s. Towards the end of the
600s, the kingdom of Silla in the south-east underwent
both Paekche in the southwest and Koguryo in the north.
Thus, the peninsula agreed.
The flowering period of the herring was disintegrated
and in 918 a new dynasty, Koryo, was founded. War on
neighboring tribes was followed by an economic and
cultural heyday in the 11th and 11th centuries. With
China as the role model, among other things, the art of
printing was developed.
In the 13th century, the peninsula was invaded by
Mongols who dominated until the beginning of the 13th
century, when the Koryo dynasty regained power. After
attacks from Chinese armies and power struggle at the
court, General Yi Song-Gye seized power in 1392. He
founded a new dynasty with the old kingdom of Choson and
with Seoul as its capital. The Choson Dynasty is also
called the Yi Dynasty.
Confucianism now assumed the role of Buddhism in
public life. A cultural and scientific heyday prevailed
during the first half of the 1400s, especially during
King Sejong (1418–1450) who, among other things,
initiated the creation of Korea's own alphabet, Hangul.
Then the Choson dynasty also fell, although it
remained on the throne until 1910. Japanese attacks in
the 1590s devastated the country, and after two Chinese
invasions in the early 1600s, Korea became a Chinese
sound state for a time. Apart from contacts with China,
Korea was isolated from the outside world until 1875,
when the Koreans were forced to open ports for Japanese
traders. Korea then signed treaties with a number of
Western countries and with Russia. After Japan's victory
over China in the war of 1894–1895, and over Russia in
the Russian-Japanese war of 1904–1905, Korea became a
Japanese protectorate, that is, the Koreans had to
control their internal affairs themselves while
relations with the outside world were controlled by
Japan. In 1910, however, the country was annexed by
The Japanese regime pursued a harsh colonization
policy, and Koreans were pressured to adopt Japanese
customs and names. At the same time, the Japanese
developed mining, industry and agriculture, but the
profits were brought out of the country to Japan.
The dissatisfaction with Japan's colonization led to
the uprising. Thousands of casualties were demanded when
the Japanese struck a peaceful uprising in 1919.
However, the resistance movement grew, both inside and
outside Korea. In Shanghai, China, a provisional Korean
government was formed that year, led by Syngman Rhee,
who previously lived in exile in the United States. But
the exile government was divided.
In North Korea, the guerrilla leader and communist
Kim Il-Sung was one of the leaders of the resistance
against the Japanese at the end of the 1930s and during
the Second World War. At the end of the war, North Korea
was occupied by Soviet troops, while the South was
occupied by the Americans.
Lots are merged
The Democratic Party merges with the Little Citizens
United Party and adopts the name Democratic United Party
Free trade agreement is approved
Parliament approves free trade agreement with US. The
agreement has been approved in the US Congress the month
New mayor of Seoul
A party politically unbundled candidate, Park
Won-Soon, is elected new mayor of Seoul.
Nuclear weapons issue
The first talks between North Korea and South Korea
on the nuclear issue are held since the six-party talks
broke down in 2009 (see Conflicts: Korea).
Free trade agreement is approved
Parliament approves free trade agreements with the EU
A South Korean cargo ship is cut off the coast of
Somalia. South Korean elite forces defeat the pirates a
few days later. Everyone in the crew manages to be