Archaeological finds show that humans may
have inhabited Taiwan for up to 15,000 years. In Chinese
historical sources, Taiwan appears only sporadically
until the 13th century AD. Among other things, there is
a note about a military expedition that the Chinese
kingdom Wu sent to the island in the 230s AD. This is
stated as the earliest attempt to colonize Taiwan.
Chinese immigration began on a small scale in the 1300s,
but was most extensive during the 18th and 19th
centuries. The indigenous peoples were forced into the
Comprehensive guide to and popular abbreviations of Taiwan, covering history, economy, and social conditions.
During the 1400s and 1500s, Taiwan was a hangout for
Japanese and Chinese pirates operating throughout East
and Southeast Asia.
In the 16th century, a Portuguese armada passed,
which upon its return made the island famous in Europe
under the name Ilha Formosa - "the beautiful island".
Dutch and Spanish traders later visited the island,
claiming their part during the first half of the 17th
century. The Dutch soon took over the Spanish, but in
turn were expelled in 1661 when mainland Chinese loyal
to the recently overthrown Ming dynasty established
themselves in Taiwan. With the Ming followers, the mass
colonization got its start. It also continued since the
Qing Dynasty, which seized power on the mainland, also
occupied Taiwan in 1683.
Subsequently, the island was a Chinese outpost for
200 years. At the end of the Japanese-Chinese War in
1895, China was forced to leave Taiwan for Japan. The
Taiwanese did not accept this but proclaimed their own
republic on the island, but this was quickly crushed by
the Japanese. In 1902, a strong Japanese administration
was established, and Taiwan became an important Japanese
naval base and a thriving trading center.
The US sells weapons to Taiwan
The US decides to sell weapons to Taiwan, including two warships and advanced
weapons systems, for the equivalent of $ 1.8 billion. Beijing strongly
criticizes the decision. Arms sales are the first of a larger scale in four
Historical Presidential Meeting
The historic meeting takes place in Singapore. President Xi said at the
meeting that the principle of China is the basis of relations between China and
Taiwan and that Beijing is opposed to independence for Taiwan. President Ma, in
turn, has emphasized that the 1992 agreement, the so-called "1992 consensus"
(see Foreign Policy and Defense), consists of two parts, that the parties agree
that there is only one China, but that there are different interpretations of
what this means.
Presidential meeting planned
The Beijing-Taipei Relations Office on both sides of the Taiwan Strait
announces at the beginning of the month that a meeting will be held between
President Ma and Chinese President Xi Jinping on November 7. The meeting is a
great success for Ma, who has long sought such a meeting. It could signal to
Taiwanese voters, where a majority in the opinion polls are currently voting for
the opposition, that after all, KMT and its presidential candidate are the most
reliable when it comes to maintaining good relations with Beijing and ensuring
lucrative investment and trade can be maintained on the mainland. At the same
time, however, the meeting may also strike back at KMT, as it may further dilute
young Taiwanese concerns that Taiwan's independence is threatened if KMT retains
power. Current policy). Because of the sensitive situation, it has therefore
been decided that the meeting should not lead to any agreements but only be a
dialogue about how peaceful relations can continue to develop.
Eric Chu becomes presidential candidate
KMT chooses to appoint KMT chairman Eric Chu, Mayor of New Taipei, as the
party's candidate in the presidential election in January 2016. The party thus
dumps Hung Hsiu-Chu, which is motivated by her failure to narrow the wide gap in
opinion polls between her and the DPP candidates Tsai Ing-wen. Eric Chu states
that he intends to work for a parliamentary system to be introduced in Taiwan in
the long run. He also calls on Tsai Ing-wen to clarify his views on relations
with Beijing, where she said she wanted to maintain the status quo, but did not
clarify whether the relations should be based on the so-called "1992 consensus".
This principle has been important for the Beijing-KMT approach in recent years
and means that the parties have quietly agreed that there is only one China, but
that the authorities on each side of the Taiwan Strait can interpret what this
means. However, the DPP has never acknowledged this agreement.
PFP's James Soong becomes presidential candidate
Party People First (PFP) leader James Soong announces that he will run in the
upcoming presidential election. This is the third time that 73-year-old James
Soong is a presidential candidate.
James Soong is going to run for office
James Soong, chairman of the People's Party first (PFP), announces that he
will run for office in the presidential election. The 73-year-old Soong ran for
president for the first time in 2000.
Students occupy ministries
At least 200 students storm the Department of Education in Taipei in protest
of the decision to change wordings in school books. The protesters consider the
changes to be China-friendly. The protest campaign is one of a series of student
protests against closer relations with China in recent years. The students then
occupy the premises and demand that the changes in the teaching materials not be
Two female presidential candidates
The Nationalist Party KMT nominates Hung Hsiu-Chu as its candidate in the
presidential election scheduled for January 2016. Thus, two women are favorites
for the presidential post, as the DPP is running for female candidate Tsai
Ing-Wen. Chinese Democratic activist Wuer Kaixi, known for his role during the
demonstrations at Tiananmen Square in Beijing in 1989, is running for
parliamentary elections to be held at the same time as the presidential
Kuomintang meets Xi Jinping
Eric Chu, chairman of Kuomintang, meets with Chinese President Xi Jinping for
talks in Beijing. It's been six years since Beijing and Taipei held talks at
such a high level.
Mayor becomes Kuomintang's chairman
Eric Chu, mayor of New Taipei, is elected new chairman of Kuomintang.
President is released for health reasons
President Chen Shui-bian is released conditionally, for medical reasons (see