Hungary is a European state, famous for its abundance of interesting architectural monuments, many of which are considered the property of the UNESCO fund. Hungary is also known for its health-improving tours: Lake Heviz with hot springs and therapeutic mud is considered one of the largest healing lakes in Europe. One of the main attractions of Hungary is the architectural monuments that fill the cities built in the Middle Ages. Another important component of the Hungarian flavor is the unique local cuisine and wines. Hungarian goulash is known both in Russia and throughout Europe. Many delicious dishes (perkels, paprikash, tokan, etc.) will please even those people who are not particularly fond of culinary tourism. A good table here is never complete without Tokay wine, which is definitely worth a try while in Hungary.
Geography of Hungary
According to Collegesanduniversitiesinusa, Hungary is a country located in Central Europe. The main part of its territory is located on the Middle Danube Plain. The northern part of Hungary includes the spurs of the Western Carpathians, it is here that the largest karst cave in Europe, Astelek, is located. Hungary borders countries such as Ukraine, Slovakia, Serbia, Croatia, Austria and Romania. The main river of Hungary is the Danube, it is into it that all the Hungarian rivers flow (Raba, Drnava, etc.). There are also large lakes in the country – Balaton, Heviz, etc.
The area of Hungary is 93,030 km. sq., occupies the 109th place in the world by area.
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The national currency is the Hungarian Forint (HUF).
The official language is Hungarian.
Weather in Hungary
The climate in Hungary is temperate. In summer it is quite hot here, in winter it is quite cold. The average July temperature in Hungary is about +21 ºС. The best time to travel to Hungary is the spring months. At this time, the weather is pleasant with a temperature of 20 to 25 ºС, the greenery in the cities is blooming, and there is not much rain. It will also be pleasant to visit Hungary in September, at the very beginning of autumn. The summer heat subsides, the weather becomes good, ideal for excursions to ancient castles and other historical sights of the country. At the same time, you can see the national Hungarian holidays associated with agriculture, and taste the harvest of fresh fruits and vegetables from the generous Hungarian land.
Public transport in Hungarian cities is quite well developed. There are a huge number of bus and trolleybus routes that allow you to get to the desired point in the city. To travel by bus, you need to buy a ticket, which then needs to be validated. Tourists can buy a ticket valid from several days to one month. Budapest has a subway with three operating lines. The point of intersection of all three lines is the metropolitan square Deak ter. The metro operates from half past five in the morning until 11 pm. The interval of train traffic is from 2 to 5 minutes. City taxis must have a yellow license plate and a bright “Taxi” sign. The cost of landing in a taxi is from 100 to 200 HUF, the cost of one kilometer is from 140 to 280 HUF. If the client asks
Currency exchange in Hungary
The Hungarian currency is the forint (HUF), which is divided into 100 fillers. The smallest banknote is 200 forints, the largest is 20,000. As of early October 2013, the exchange rate was 1 euro to 296 forints. Banks in Hungary work on weekdays (from 8:00 to 15:00), Saturday and Sunday are days off. There are a significant number of ATMs and currency exchange machines. It is better to exchange currency in official exchange offices, while it is necessary to keep a certificate of exchange, which may be required when leaving Hungary. It would be better to exchange large amounts of currency at banks or travel agencies. You can also pay with travelers checks or credit cards.
The mains voltage in Hungary is 220 V, 50 Hz.
About 11 million people live in the country, 88% of them are Hungarians (Magyars). The leading religion is Christianity. The main denomination in Hungary is Catholics – 67%, about 25% – Protestants.
The crime rate in Hungary is not very high. However, you must follow all the basic safety tips – leave valuables and large sums of money in the hotel safe. When exchanging currency, it is necessary to avoid the services of street dealers; it is better to exchange large amounts in a bank. You must also carry identification documents with you, as this is required by Hungarian law.
For Russian citizens, if necessary, free medical care can be provided (in emergency cases). However, it will be necessary to pay the cost of medicines, dental services, additional medical equipment. Therefore, when traveling to Hungary, it is necessary to have medical insurance.