Alabama History and Attractions

By | July 25, 2022

According to, the State of Alabama is part of the Federation of the United States of America, in the southeastern part. Its capital is Montgomery and borders Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east, Mississippi to the west and Florida to the south, as well as overlooking the Gulf of Mexico.

The territory of Alabama is quite varied geographically, the mountain ranges extend to the north, in the center there are flat and fertile valleys in addition to the so-called Black Belts, black lands, while on the coast the land has splendid white beaches, spaces that up to recently they were swampy.

The climate in Alabama is extremely comfortable all year round. Winter does not reach cold temperatures, except on the mountain peaks in the north of the state; spring comes as early as March and summer is hot without becoming too heavy.

Although Montgomery is the capital of Alabama, the largest city in the state is Birmingham, a large steel production center and industrial center which, in the 1960s, was the site of demonstrations for the defense of human rights.


According to, Alabama was a land inhabited by various Indian tribes who clashed several times and came out losers, against the armies of the European colonizers, first French then Spanish, finally English. The coastal strip with the city of Mobile as a port it was a strategic point that was tempting to many groups of colonizers. After several battles, Alabama in the early 1800s was part of the Union of the Confederation of Southern States. Alongside the indigenous shepherds and ranchers, 1% of the landowners were white settlers and this often caused internal political strife. The development of the state took place during the First and Second World Wars, due to the need for armaments and products of the steel and mechanical industry, whose raw materials were and still are very present in Alabama.

Alabama, however, is to be remembered especially because it is precisely in Montgomery that Martin Luther King carried out the revolt of black passengers inside buses, thus boycotting public transport and starting to focus attention on respect for Human Rights. and Civilians, against racial discrimination. The struggle led to a law that ended all segregationist differences in 1965.

Places to visit

Birmingham is the city that strikes for its skyscrapers that rise upwards, a visit to the Museum of Human Rights cannot be missed, as well as the Museum of Arts. Montgomery is the capital and stretches around the Alabama River, in it there are numerous shopping centers and the theater home of the Shakespearean Festival.

In Huntsville, on the other hand, you can visit the fascinating US Space Camp, the Museum and the space center where all the documents on the work of the US Space Air Force are kept.

Music legends were born in Alabama and this means that the life of live music is still very much followed and supported with ad hoc festivals and clubs.


The cuisine of Alabama is very rich and varied depending on the area in which you are located, from meat from the hinterland with ribs, hamburgers, fried chicken, to fish menus that characterize the coast with shrimp recipes.

Natural parks

Starting from the Appalachian Mountains in the north of the state, Alabama offers a very beautiful landscape, including a meteoritic crater, the Wetumpka, of absolute charm. There are also many parks of historical interest, territories of past battles.

NAMED: “The Heart of Dixie”
ORIGIN NAME: In the region lived the Indian tribe Alibamu, which means forest cutters: hence the name of the state.
CAPITAL: Montgomery
OTHER CITIES: Birmingham, Huntsville, Mobile, Tuscaloosa
MEMBER UNION SINCE: December 14, 1819 (22nd state)
POPULATION: 4,369,862
CAPITAL POPULATION: 200,000 residents
MOTTO: “Audemus jura nostra defendere”
TREE: Southern Longleaf Pine
BIRD: Yellowhammer
FLOWER: Camellia
SONG: Alabama
THE FLAG: The crimson cross of St. Andrew stands on a white field; it was modeled after the Confederate War flag and adopted in 1895. The bars forming the crossbar must be no smaller than six inches and must extend diagonally across the flag from side to side.
AGRICULTURE: Poultry and eggs, cattle, peanuts, cotton, vegetables, milk, soybeans.
INDUSTRY: Paper, timber and derivative products, mining, rubber and plastic products.

Alabama Economy

Since the 19th century, the Alabama economy has been dominated by the cultivation of cotton alone. After 1915, however, a beetle infesting cotton plants in order to damage crops, farmers began to focus on livestock and other crops besides cotton. The manufacturing sector began to develop in Alabama with the growth of the iron and steel industry over the course of the twentieth century. Beginning in the 1930s, low-cost electricity provided by the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), a federal agency, encouraged industrial development. In the late 1990s, industrial production remained the dominant economic sector. The state and service sectors also contribute significantly to Alabama’s gross domestic product. Crops of cotton, maize, peanuts, tobacco and sugar cane. Poultry and cattle farms. Extraction of iron, coal, bauxite and petroleum, steel, chemical, textile, wood and paper industries.

Alabama History