Alaska History and Attractions

By | July 25, 2022

According to, Alaska is the state located in the northwestern part of the United States of America. It borders to the west with the Bering Strait in which the island called Little Diomede is present, which is only 4 kilometers from the Great Diomede island, which however belongs to Russia. Going from one island to another you “cross” 21 hours of time difference. To the north, Alaska is bordered by the Arctic Ocean, to the south it forms the Gulf of Alaska on the Pacific and to the west it borders Canada.

Starting from the south, the coasts enjoy a more bearable climate as they are lapped by the last coastal mountains, which even reach 6000 meters. The strip of land overlooking the Pacific is very indented and is fronted by numerous islands. The vegetation is made up of coniferous forests and the animal that represents the region is the moose. Moving north you come across a large plateau where the landscape changes radically. It is crossed by the Yukon River which is frozen for 9 months a year and temperatures are almost always below zero. The vegetation becomes tundra, with mosses and lichens and the animals that adapt to it are brown bears, wolves, caribou, mink. Coming up to the shores of the Arctic Ocean, there are polar bears, seals and walruses.
The capital of Alaska is the city of Juneau which has just over six thousand inhabitants.


According to, Alaska is a territory discovered by Bering and Cirikov in the mid-eighteenth century. In the late 1800s, the region was sold by Russia to the United States for a negligible amount, only to discover later that it is the custodian of important gold deposits.


Anchorage is the city where all tourists arrive, as it is the hub of communication routes. In it there are museums that testify art and indigenous life and numerous shopping centers, as well as hotels and motels. The Kenaj Peninsula is a destination that offers many recreational activities such as hiking, canoeing, quaint fishing villages and local art galleries. Jeneau instead offers walks in a noteworthy historic center, with buildings from the early 1900s, is surrounded by glaciers and the landscape is unique in its kind.
In craftsmanship, the Alaskan natives use both elements of nature such as wood and particular herbs and parts of animals. Totems represent the most widespread symbol of the natives.

Eating habits

Fish in Alaska is not very cheap, especially king salmon, shrimp and halibut. There is a custom in summer to cook salmon on the barbecue, perfume it with sauces and offer it at will. Coffee is a very popular drink, as are beer and spirits.

Nature and adventure

Everywhere Alaska offers landscapes to the limit and indescribable charm. You can walk the numerous trails along the gold route, explore the southern forests, kayak along the ocean coasts or admire the midnight sun on the Pinnel Mountain Trail.

NAMED: “The Last Frontier”
ORIGIN NAME: Great Land or continent means the word used by the inhabitants of the Auletine to designate the territory
MEMBER UNION SINCE: January 3, 1959 (49th state)
CAPITAL POPULATION: 32,227 residents
MOTTO: “North to the future”
TREE: Sitka Spruce
BIRD: Willow Ptarmigan
FLOWER: Forget-me-not
SONG: Alaska’s Flag
THE FLAG: The blue field represents the sky, sea, mountain lakes, and wildflowers of Alaska. There are eight stars on the flag: seven of the Ursa Major constellation and the eighth is the North Star, which represents the northernmost state.
AGRICULTURE: Seafood, dairy products, vegetables, livestock.
INDUSTRY: Oil and natural gas, gold and other mining products, wood and its derivatives, tourism.

Alaska economy

The most important resources are oil and natural gas. After Texas, it is the most important state for the extraction of oil, and the eighth for natural gas. The most important wells are located in the north of the state, especially in Prudhoe Bay, from where it is transported through an oil pipeline, of the Alaska Pipeline System, to the port of Valdez. Mineral resources such as gold are abundant, but mining is scarce.

The most important processing industry is food (fishing), oil refineries, and wood products. The most important industrial center is Anchorage. The tourism industry has developed enormously in recent years thanks to the still unspoiled landscapes.

Alaska economy