Alaska History

By | October 15, 2021

According to ehangzhou, Alaska is the largest state in the United States. In Alaska, 698,473 people (2009) live in an area nearly 2.5 times the size of Texas, the second largest state in the United States. Alaska is located in northwestern North America and borders Canada ( Yukon and British Columbia ), but not any other US state. To the north is the Arctic Ocean, to the west the Bering Strait and to the south the Pacific Ocean.

The highest mountain in Alaska and all of North America is Denali.

Alaska is one of the two states of the United States that has no border with any other state in the United States ( Hawaii is the other). About 800 kilometers of Canadian territory separate Alaska from the state of Washington, and Alaska is therefore an exclave. It is also the only state in the United States whose capital can only be reached by ship or plane, as no roads lead to Alaska’s capital Juneau.

Alaska was first populated by people who came across the land bridge over the Bering Strait. Recently, Alaska been populated by a variety of groups: inupiaqerne, Inuit, are Aleutian Islands and a large group of different Indians. The ancestors of many of the populations that existed in America before the arrival of Christopher Columbus had taken the road across the Bering Strait to continue through Alaska south to the North American and South American continents.

TIMELINE:

1578 – Cossack Chieftain Yermak Timofief travels east from Russia across the steppes.

1639 – Cossacks arrive and build the first Russian cities.

1733-41 – Vitus Bering explores the northwest coast on the second Kamtjaka expedition. Bering reached Alaska, but was forced back in 1741 due to scarce supplies and scurvy among expedition members. Bering’s ship had to be abandoned and the crew landed on an uninhabited island. Nearly half of the crew, including Vitus Bering himself, perished.

1744 – Alaska becomes a Russian colony, but it is not until 1784 that the first settlements are built on the island of Kodiak Island. People from the Russian-American company hunted otters here. The colony that was established never became very profitable, mostly due to high transportation costs.

1774 – Juan Perez discovers Prince of Wales Island, Dixon Sound.

1784 – First white settlement established at Three Saints Bay.

1802 – Tlinglit Indians destroy the Russian fort at Old Sitka.

1804 – The Russians return to Sitka and attack the Kiksadi fort on the Indian River. The Russians lose the battle, but the natives are forced to flee.

1847 – Fort Yukon is established.

1857 – The Russians find oil at Cook Inlet.

1861 – Gold is found in the Stikine River.

1867 – A US purchase of Alaska from Russia on April 9 for a purchase price of $ 7.2 million. USD and took control on October 18 of that year.

1869 – The Sitka Times, Alaska’s first news paper, is published. See an early edition from the year before here.

1874 – George Halt becomes the first white man to cross the Chilkoot Pass in search of gold. Read more about the Passport here.

1884 – Steamboats begin to bring tourists.

1888 – More than 60,000 people arrive to join the gold rush.

1898-1900 – The Klondike gold rush started, which in a short time led to an influx of about 30,000 new residents.

1900 – The capital moves from Sitka to Juneau ; The White Pass and Yukon Railroad were completed.

1902 – President Theodore Roosevelt establishes the Tongass National Forest.

1903 – The Alaska – Canada border is created.

1912 – Mt. Katmai exploded on 6-9. June, and created the Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes. It became the most spectacular volcanic eruption in Alaska in historical time, and one of the two largest eruptions of the 20th century (the second eruption was Mount Pinatubo in 1991), when Mount Katmai erupted.

1924 – Native Americans gain American citizenship; airmail was established.

1942 – The Japanese invade the Aleutians. The following year, US military forces took it back.

1958 – On July 7, President Eisenhower signs the so-called Alaska Statehood Act, which makes Alaska the 49th state of the United States on January 3, 1959.

1964 – A ” Good Friday ” earthquake shakes March 27, damaging more than $ 500 million. The city of Valdez was completely destroyed.

1967 – The Chena River floods the Fairbanks. See more photos here.

1971 – In September, a small group of peace activists from the ” Do Not Make a Wave Committee ” protest with ” Phyllis Cormack ” near the Aleutian island of Amchitka. With their protest, the group tried to prevent a US nuclear bomb attempt. The bomb went off underground. Although the group did not demand that the trial be stopped, it resonated in public communication. This action is considered the beginning of Greenpeace.

1988 – Two whales caught in the ice, rescued near Point Barrow. See more here.

1989 – Exxon Valdez became known worldwide when it ran aground in the Gulf of Alaska on March 24, leaking an estimated 42 million gallons of crude oil and 2,415 km of contaminated coastline. The oil spill is considered one of the largest oil spills in US history, and one of the biggest ecological disasters.

1992 – Mount Spurr volcano erupts three times, covering Anchorage with ash.

1994 – The Koyukuk River is flooded, taking three small towns with it, forcing residents away from the area.

2004 – A judge orders Exxon to pay $ 6.75 billion. dollars in damage to the oil spill in 1989.

2008 – Republican presidential candidate John McCain elects Alaska Gov. Sarah Palin as vice presidential candidate in the US presidential election.

2009 – Mount Redoubt had a series of eruptions that forced a limited flight from Anchorage ; Sarah Palin resigned as governor, 18 months before her term was due to end.

Alaska History