Arizona History and Attractions

By | July 25, 2022

Arizona is a southwestern state of the United States of America, its territory borders on the north with Utah, on the east with New Mexico, on the south with Mexico and on the east it touches California and Nevada.

According to, Arizona is one of the driest parts of the USA, not only due to the scarcity of rainfall (an annual average of less than 500 mm) but also due to the powerful evaporation, which prevents the formation of water tables. So it is precisely this dryness combined with the strong temperature variations, both seasonal and between day and night, which have determined the unique landscape in the world that characterizes the region.

Entire desert or steppe areas, dotted with gigantic cacti and on which rocks rise as bastions or pinnacles. Arizona is also very famous for the Grand Canyon, which is born on the plateau to the north, which unites it to Colorado and which offers deep gorges where you can admire all the different layers and colors of the rock.

According to, the capital is Phoenix, the most populous and largest city in Arizona and the sixth most populous in the United States.


Populated in the pre-colonial age by numerous tribes of Indians, which however decreased considerably as they did not withstand the difficult integration with the new populations, they were then relegated to the reserves. Explore in 1545 it belonged to Mexico until 1848, only in 1912 did it become part of the USA


To visit Arizona it is necessary to have the desire to travel in a vast territory, even for hundreds of kilometers. To visit, in addition to the natural beauties, there are also Kingman, the city that gives rise to Route 66, Flagstaff with the largest planetarium in the world and with the numerous sightings of aliens, Qurtszine where the last Hippyes of America still live in communities or in caravans.


Very popular are the large American distribution chains but you can taste the local dishes cooked by the few remaining native Indians who manage some typical taverns and offer above all pancakes and beans.

Nature and adventure

Arizona is known for its Grand Canyon, a 4931 square kilometer natural park. The Canyon is more than 400 kilometers long and reaches a depth of 1600 meters by 26 kilometers wide. In the park there is also the so-called Painted Desert, where the yellow ocher of the sand alternates with the green of the bushes, the red of the rocks and the intense blue of the sky. You can make visits by quad or fly over it by helicopter, however there is the park authority to contact to follow the various organized routes.

The second attraction is Monument Valley, with its majestic red rocks that glow with color at sunset. It is not recognized as a park but it is the sacred territory to the Indians, they are the only ones who inhabit it, the Navajos.

To stay overnight in these areas, however, you can find accommodation in the motels of nearby towns.

NAMED: “The Grand Canyon State”
ORIGIN NAME: From Arizona, the “small springs” in the language of the Papago, the indigenous people of the area, derives the name of the state
CAPITAL: Phoenix
STATE BOUNDARIES: California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah
MEMBER UNION SINCE: February 14, 1912 (48th state)
POPULATION: 4,778,332
CAPITAL POPULATION: 1,633,000 residents
MOTTO: “Ditat Deus (God Enriches)”
TREE: Palo Verde
BIRD: Cactus Wren
FLOWER: Saguaro Cactus
SONG: Arizona
THE FLAG: The 13 red and gold colored rays in the upper half of the flag represent the original 13 colonies of the union and the sun rays from the west. Red and gold were also the colors carried by the Spanish del Coronado expedition in search of the seven cities of Cibola in 1540. The top half of the flag has the same liberty blue as the US flag. Since Arizona was the largest copper producer in the nation, a copper itself was placed in the center of the flag. The flag was adopted in 1917.
AGRICULTURE: Cattle, cotton, dairy products, lettuce, hay.
INDUSTRY: Copper and other mining, food processing, electronics, tourism.

Arizona economy

The agricultural economy of Arizona is based on the cultivation of cotton, hay, wheat, corn, potatoes and citrus fruits, and on the raising of sheep and cattle. Cultivated areas are found on the Colorado Plateau and in the Southeast, while farming is concentrated in the area around the city of Phoenix. Despite the extent of its forests, Arizona does not have a considerable production of marketable timber.

The mining industry occupies a very important position in the state economy; copper mining in Arizona covers more than half of all US production. The extraction of molybdenum, precious stones, gravel, sand, pumice, gold, silver, asbestos, uranium and coal is also of considerable importance. Industry. The industrial development of Arizona began in the 1940s and took on significant dimensions in the following decades, ultimately moving towards the area of ​​high technology. The most important companies, mostly concentrated in Phoenix and Tucson, concern electrical, electronic and food products, printing machinery, aircraft equipment, copper products. Tourism is also of great importance in the Arizona economy.

Roads, railways, and air transport are Arizona’s main communication routes; most of the road and railway arteries run from east to west. Phoenix is ​​the largest of approximately 200 airports located in Arizona.

Arizona economy