Dhaka is the capital of Bangladesh and has over 5.3 million inhabitants. It is a very fast growing city and is therefore one of the 30 megacities in the world. A great many people in the city of Dhaka live in the slums.
With more than 7000 inhabitants per km², the capital is very inhabited.
Bangladesh is a parliamentary republic, the head of state is Zillur Rahman and the head of government is Hasina Wajed.
1,066 people live here on one square kilometer. Bangladesh is located on the Bay of Bengal at the eastern end of India. The Bangladesh coast is 580 kilometers long. The delta area of Ganges, Meghna and Brahmaputra forms the largest part of Bangladesh.
With the birth rate in this state around 2 percent higher than the death rate, the population of Bangladesh has grown by 25 million over the past 18 years.
The state religion, with a share of around 90 percent, is Islam. About nine percent are committed to Hinduism. Less than one percent of the population are Buddhists. Christians make up around 0.3 percent. Unfortunately, there are many illiterates in Bangladesh, especially among women.
Independent since 1971
The state has only been independent since December 16, 1971. From 1947 until then Bangladesh was part of Pakistan and before that part of British India.
India has been building on a barbed wire border for several years to stop the illegal flow of immigrants from Bengal to India. About 20 million Bangladeshi people live in India.
Bangladesh is divided into seven administrative units. These administrative units are called Sylhet, Chittagong, Dhaka, Rangpur, Khulna, Barshal and Rajshahi.
56 percent of all employed people work in agriculture. Agriculture only generates 23 percent of the gross domestic product. The service sector generates the largest share of GDP with 53 percent. The remaining 25 percent are in industry. There is natural gas and coal.
Pakistan proclaimed itself the world’s first Islamic republic in 1956. out. It is a presidential federal republic that consists of 8 administrative units. In Pakistan, 109.6 people live in one km². The area of Pakistan is 880,254 square kilometers. 172.8 million people are governed by President Asif Ali Zardari and Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gilani. The capital of Pakistan is called Islamabad.
According to best-medical-schools, Pakistan lies between India and Afghanistan and is the ninth largest country in Asia. Its area is twice the area of Germany and Austria combined. Pakistan has 1046 kilometers of coastline in the south. It borders on the Arabian Sea. The border with Iran is 978 kilometers long. The border with India is 2,912 kilometers long, making it the longest border Pakistan has. The border with China is 523 kilometers long in the northeast. The border with Afghanistan, which lies to the west and north, is 2643 kilometers long.
The Hindu Kush, the Himalayas and the Karakoram are the three largest mountains on earth. They meet in the far north of Pakistan. These mountains shield Pakistan from the cold influences from Central Asia.
Because of the desert-like climate in Pakistan, the vegetation is extremely sparse. Only about 4 percent of Pakistan’s land area is forested. There used to be many river forests, but almost all of them are now destroyed.
The official languages in Pakistan are Urdu and English, but there are around 50 other languages in Pakistan. Pakistan is a developing country with all the problems that are typical of it. An important point in this regard is the rural exodus. More and more people are fleeing from low incomes and also from underemployment, in the country and into the city. But cities are unable to keep and feed this flood of people. The slums continue to grow. Unfortunately, child labor is common in Pakistan.
Sri Lanka was called Ceylon until 1972. It is an island nation in the Indian Ocean. At the shortest point, India is 54.8 kilometers away. The official languages are Sinhala and Tamil. On February 4, 1948, the island proclaimed independence from the United Kingdom. The capital is Colombo, but the seat of government is in Sri Jayawardenepura.
The area of Sri Lanka is 65,610 square meters, on which 20,650,000 people live. The head of state is President Mahinda Rajapaksa and the prime minister is DM Jayaratne.
Rubber, coconuts, tea and coffee are the main production and export items. The scenic beauty and rich cultural heritage make the country a popular tourist destination.
69.1 percent of Sinhalese are Buddhists. Hindus Muslims and Christians can also be found in Sri Lanka.
The famous tea growing areas of Sri Lanka are located in the central highlands. There are mountains up to 2,500 meters high. There are also lowland plains that were made fertile centuries ago with the help of irrigation systems.
The coastal area is of course used for fishing, but the palm beaches of Sri Lanka are also not to be despised. The coastal belt is about 30 meters above sea level. The oldest tree in the world, whose existence has been historically documented for over 2000 years, is found in Anuradhapura.
There are many wild dogs in Sri Lanka. Monkeys, axis deer and wild boars also live in Sri Lanka. Other animals that live there include elephants, monitor lizards, giant snakes and leopards, which are, however, threatened with extinction.
The country is divided into 9 provinces. These are: the Central Province, the Northern Central Province, the Northern Province, the Eastern Province, the Western Province, the Southern Province, the Northwest Province, Uva and Sabaragamuwa.
The rail network with 11,000 kilometers of rail is quite well developed.
There are 12 airports, but only one international. This is located approximately 35 kilometers north of Colombo.
The Sri Lanka Transport Board is the state-run bus route.