Facts over Boston
City Since: 1822
Motto / Nickname: Boston USA!
Area: 125.3 km2
Time zone: -6
- The Museum of Fine Arts
- Freedom Trail
- State House
- Arnold Arboretum
- Fenway Park
According to Ehangzhou, the capital of Massachusetts and a piece of Europe in the new world. The contrast between modern architecture and historic facades is nowhere in North America as extreme as here. Boston is the cradle of American independence, and the Freedom Trail takes visitors right through the city to 16 historic sites. Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology also make Boston one of the nation’s premier centers of education. Culture enthusiasts will find plenty here and will find galleries and museums in this city, such as the JFK Library and Museum.
Downtown Boston seen from the riverbank in Cambridge across the Charles River. Boston was founded in 1630 by Puritan settlers on the peninsula local Indians called Shawmut. The settlers named the new settlement Boston after the town of the same name in Lincolnshire, England, where some of them came from.
Boston is the cradle of the American Revolution. The first skirmishes leading to the revolution took place there on March 5 in 1770, when British soldiers opened fire on protesting civilians (the Boston Massacre). Five people were killed.
With the Boston Tea Party on December 16, 1773, the residents of Boston began a boycott of the tax on imported products such as tea, instituted by the British Parliament under the Townshend Act of 1767. The first battles of the American Revolutionary War took place in the early morning. of April 19, 1775 at Lexington and Concord, two places 20 to 30 km west of Boston.
After the Declaration of Independence in 1776, Boston became a prosperous port. It officially became a city in 1822. In the second half of the 19th century it developed into an important industrial city with, among other things, considerable textile, shoe and machine factories.
In January the average temperature is -1.9 °C, in July it is 23.1 °C. Annual average precipitation is 1054.4 mm (data based on the measurement period 1961-1990).
Boston is a very old city by American standards. There are still many buildings and places from the time of the American Revolutionary War. Tourists can follow the Freedom Trail, a walking route of approximately 4 kilometers, indicated by a red line on the sidewalks, which connects the main sites. It begins on Boston Common, the oldest public park in America, originally used for grazing cattle, an army camp for British soldiers, and a gallows field. Other highlights along the Freedom Trail include the State House, home to the Massachusetts state governmentsits; the Old Granary cemetery, where revolutionaries like Samuel Adams, John Hancock and Paul Revere are buried; the Old South Meeting House, a church where citizens made the decisions that led to the Boston Tea Party; the Old State House, which was the seat of the British governor before the revolution. The Boston Massacre took place in front of the building; Faneuil Hall, a market building also used for meetings, along with the adjacent Quincy Market, it is now a tourist area with many shops and small restaurants; the North End, the oldest part of Boston, now a neighborhood with many Italian immigrants, with the Old North Church, whose tower was used by the revolutionaries in 1775 to signal with light signals that the English army was on its way to collect weapons from to seize the patriots. This gave the patriots an opportunity to prepare for the arrival of the British, which resulted in the first battles of the revolution, at Lexington and Concord; and the USS Constitution, the oldest officially active warship of the United States Navy, which took part in the War of 1812 against the British.
The world-famous Arnold Arboretum is located in the Jamaica Plain neighborhood.