California History and Attractions

By | July 25, 2022

With Sacramento as its capital, the State of California also called ” The Golden State ” (referring to the 19th century gold rush), is located on the west coast of the United States and in addition to being the most populous, it is also the largest. after Texas and Alaska.

It borders Arizona, Nevada, Oregon, Mexico and the Pacific Ocean.

According to, California has a diverse and complex geography, ranging from the sandy and rocky beaches of the Pacific coast of Yosemite, to the mighty snow-capped mountains of the Sierra Nevada, desert areas in the southeast and forests in the northeast.

Sierra Nevada includes Yosemite Valley, famous for its granite mountains such as Half Dome, and Sequoia National Park, home to the largest living organisms on the planet – giant sequoia trees, and the highest point in the contiguous United States, the Mount Whitney.

California is home to the second warmest and deepest place in the Western Hemisphere, Death Valley.

The central area of ​​the state is dominated by the Central Valley, one of the most productive agricultural areas in the country; it is home to California’s agricultural industry, the largest in all of the United States. Other major industries are aerospace, oil and information technology.

California is ranked in the top 10 largest economies in the world.

The main cities are Los Angeles, San Diego, San Francisco.


Upper California was first colonized by the Spanish Empire in 1769 and, following Mexican independence in 1821, became part of Mexico. Following the very short period of the Republic of California (which lasted only 26 days), in 1846, and after the conclusion of the Mexican-American War in 1848, California was annexed to the United States and became the 31st state on 9 September 1850.

The gold rush that began in 1848 changed California with an increase in population and an economic boom, while San Francisco became a financial and cultural center. The early 20th century was marked by Los Angeles as the center of the entertainment industry, in addition to the growth of the tourism sector throughout the state.

Entertainment and shopping

From Disneyland to the San Diego Zoo, California has more theme parks and parks and entertainment than any other state in the US; Hollywood is the biggest attraction for film and music fans; casinos and nightclubs with world-class entertainment increase the desire to visit California.

Food and wine

Thanks to its historic agricultural roots, it’s no surprise that California is a wine and food paradise. One of the first vineyards in California was planted during a Spanish mission to San Juan Capistrano over 200 years ago. Since then, the famous Napa Valley, Sonoma, and other wine regions have expanded to over 800 wineries, producing more than 90% of all the Nation’s wine.

Nature and adventure

According to, California boasts 8 National Parks covering more than 4 million acres and has the largest park system in the US, with more than 272 state parks. There are more than 2,000 km of coastline (much of which is protected as a national park) with over 400 public beaches. There are also more than 400 lakes and more than 200 protected wilderness areas.

In California you can fulfill all kinds of desires, especially those who are passionate about outdoor activities will surely have the opportunity to have fun, from bird waching to raftling, from all sorts of water sports to skiing and trekking, just to name a few!

NAMED: “The Golden State”
ORIGIN NAME: The name dates back to 1500. It derives from the homonymous treasure islands of a Spanish tale known to explorers.
CAPITAL: Sacramento
OTHER CITIES: Los Angeles, San Francisco, San Diego
MEMBER UNION SINCE: 9 September 1850 (31st state)
POPULATION: 33,145,121
CAPITAL POPULATION: 500,930 residents
MOTTO: “Eureka (I have found it)”
TREE: Redwood
BIRD: California Quail
FLOWER: Golden Poppy
SONG: I love you, California
THE FLAG: The historic flag with the bear was raised in Sonoma on June 14, 1846 by a group of Americans who settled in the riot against the Mexican government. The flag was designed by William Todd. The star was placed imitating the lone star of Texas. The words “the Republic of California” were placed under the star and the bear. The flag was adopted in 1911.
AGRICULTURE: Fruit and vegetable products, dairy products, livestock, grapes.
INDUSTRY: Electronic components and equipment, aerospace industry, film industry, food processing, petroleum, computers, tourism.

California economy

The annual income from agriculture and livestock is by far the highest of all American states. California has numerous farms of different sizes, many of them relatively large. The main products are milk, cotton and cattle; also relevant are cereals, vegetables, fruit, citrus fruits and hazelnuts.

The exploitation of large forest resources is very important, especially in the north and in the Sierra Nevada. Fishing fuels a thriving canning industry. Tuna, salmon, mackerel and anchovies are the most sought after species.

California also ranks first in the United States when it comes to industrial production. It mainly produces transport appliances (airplanes, motor vehicles, ships), processed foods (fruit, vegetables, meat and fish that are frozen or canned, wine and various drinks) and electrical and electronic appliances (appliances, various motors, appliances electronic and radio communications). It is almost impossible to list all the goods produced: among them all steel, fabrics, footwear, refined petroleum, chemicals and cinema films (especially in the famous Hollywood, near Los Angeles). As for the exploitation of mineral resources, oil, natural gas, construction materials are extracted; the state is also the main producer in the United States of asbestos, boron, hydraulic cement, diatomaceous earth, sodium sulphate and tungsten. Gold, a fundamental element for the economy around the middle of the 19th century, is now mined in relatively small quantities.

California attracts millions of tourists every year, thanks to the mild climate, natural beauty and wealth of recreational and cultural attractions; many visitors are drawn to the film and television studios at Los Angeles, Disneyland: large amusement park at Ananeim, Chinatown and other parts of San Francisco, as well as the five state national parks (Kings Canyon National Park, Lassen Volcanic National Park, Sequoia National Park, Redwood National Park, Yosemite National Park) and the eight National Monuments, including Death Valley National Monument.

California economy