Colorado History

By | October 15, 2021

Colorado is a US state bordering Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah and Wyoming. It is known for the Rocky Mountains, the highest point of which is in the state. The state capital and largest city is Denver. The state’s population in 2012 was 5.2 million.

According to ehangzhou, the state is named after the river Colorado River, which is named after the Spanish word colorado , which means colored – it alludes to the river’s reddish-brown color.

The main agricultural activities in Colorado are the production of cattle and grain. Federal authorities have several important institutions in Colorado, including both the Air Defense Academy and the Air Defense Command, NORAD, located in the Colorado Springs area. Tourism is also important to Colorado’s economy with ski resorts in cities like Aspen. Denver is a major transportation and finance hub.

The Anasazi Indians were possibly the first settlers in southwestern Colorado.


11th-1200s – Cliff Palace, along with the Balcony House in Mesa Verde, was inhabited by up to 300 pueblo (Anasazi) at a time until the 14th century, when they left the site after exhausting the area. The place was discovered by two cowboys in 1888.

1682 – The French explorer René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, approaches the area east of the Rocky Mountains, better known as Colorado today.

1765 – Juan Maria Rivera leads a Spanish expedition into the San Juan and Sangre de Cristo mountains in search of gold.

1803 – United States buys eastern Colorado from France as part of the Louisiana Purchase.

1806 – Lieutenant Zebulon M. Pike and a small group of soldiers discovered a mountain named after Pike – Pikes Peak you can read more about here, and see some beautiful pictures here.

1848 – Mexico loses land in California, Nevada, Utah, and parts of Arizona, Colorado, Wyoming, and New Mexico when the peace treaty is signed on February 2 in Guadalupe Hidalgo, a suburb of Mexico City.

1854 – Ute warriors kill 15 people at Fort Peublo on Christmas Eve.

1858 – The city of Denver is founded after a gold find.

1859 – Gold fever begins in Colorado, ebbing away again in the early 1860s, after which many of the cities are abandoned.

1861 – Colorado becomes a territory of the United States in 1861 and a state in 1876, one hundred years after the independence of the United States.

1864 – The Sand Creek Massacre takes place on November 29 in the midst of the Civil War, in which a local 700-man militia attacks a peaceful Cheyenne and Arapaho village, killing 70-164 Indians, two-thirds of whom were women and children. Read more here.

1871 – Colorado Springs is founded by General William J. Palmer.

1876 – Colorado becomes the 38th state.

1878 – Telephones are installed in Denver. Read more here.

1883 – Electric light is installed in Denver.

1886 – The Denver Tramway is created in the city. Read more here ; The last public execution via hanging took place in the city.

1890 – On October 20, Robert Miller “Bob” Womack found a rich gold rush in Cripple Creek, which kick-started the last major gold rush in the state. Thousands of people flocked to the site, and before long, WS Stratton made history’s greatest gold find and founded the famous Stratton’s Independence Mine and Mill. Womack himself, died poor on August 10, 1909. Read more about him here.

1894 – The Colorado State Capitol opens.

1910 – On May 8, the first long-distance call from Denver to New York City is made.

1911 – Colorado National Monument west of Grand Junction, erected by order of the President.

1913 – A snowstorm over Colorado covers Denver with 1.1 meters of snow.

1914 – The Ludlow Massacre was an attack by the Colorado National Guard and Colorado Fuel & Iron Company camp guards on April 20, on a tent colony of 1,200 striking coal miners and their families. Several people die. The owner of the coal mine, John D. Rockefeller, Jr. was massively criticized for the massacre.

1917 – William Frederick Cody, better known as Buffalo Bill, died of kidney failure on January 10 in Denver, and was buried in Lookout Mountain overlooking the Great Plains.

1942 – Camp Amache is set up as a detention camp for Japanese Americans who were relocated from their homes on the West Coast after the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.

1961 – North American Aerospace Defense Command ( NORAD ) and its bunkers are built on Cheyenne Mountain. The bunker, which was primarily intended as a warning post for space and air attacks, was taken into use in 1966.

1962-65 – Disposal of toxic water in a deep well at Rocky Mountain Arsenal caused an earthquake and hundreds of tremors in the Denver area.

1976 – A cloudburst at Big Thomson Canyon creates massive flooding in Larimer County, killing more than 145 people.

1982 – The structure of the state economy is shaken when the oil giant Exxon announces that they are closing fields in the Rio Blanco, Mesa and Garfield counties. Thousands are fired and the economic stability of the state is affected. Read more here.

1995 – Denver International Airport opens in 1995 after closing down the dilapidated 1925 Stapleton International Airport. There are several conspiracy theories about the airport’s design that look like a swastika from above. Gable paintings at the baggage area, are also claimed to refer to future military resistance and one world government ( New World Order ). Unusual words carved in the floor should also point to satanic, masonic or similar secret codes associated with NWO. For example: Cochetopa, Sisnaajini and Dzit Dit Gaii. But it’s actually Navajo for some geographic locations in Colorado. “Braaksma ”and“ Villarreal ”are the names of the artists Carolyn Braaksma and Mark Villarreal who work on the sculptures and paintings. See more about the art at the airport here.

On May 18, one person caused a forest fire in the Pike National Forest that burned nearly 12,000 acres of land, and 9 homes. Eight weeks later, on June 12, an intense cloudburst (possibly due to the forest fire) caused flooding in Buffalo Creek.

1997 – The trial of Timothy James McVeigh, the man who planned and carried out the bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City on April 19, 1995, begins on February 28 in Denver.

1999 – The Columbine High School massacre was carried out on April 20, by two students from the school, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold, shooting and killing twelve other students and a teacher, while another 24 were injured. After the killings, the two students took their own lives by shooting themselves a few meters away from some of the victims. The date the shooting was carried out has led to many different theories, including Adolf Hitler’s birthday and the day after both the anniversary of the Waco massacre and the Oklahoma City bombing.

2002 – A forest fire in the Pike National Forest burns at a rate of 500 acres of land per hour.

2007 – The largest documented avalanche occurred at Berthoud Pass, which buried roads and cars in the area. Read more here.

2011 – Infected Cantaloupe melons from a farm in Colorado are to blame for a listeria outbreak

Colorado History