Georgia History and Attractions

By | July 25, 2022

According to, Georgia is a state located in the southeastern part of the United States, its area is the largest considering the eastern part of the Mississippi River. Georgia borders North Carolina and Tennessee to the north, South Carolina and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, Alabama to the west and Florida to the south. For its 9,300,000 inhabitants, Georgia is considered The Empire State of the South.

The capital of Georgia is Atlanta, a large metropolis, home to major multinationals such as UPS and Coca Cola.

The state is rich in fertile lands, in the past famous for its boundless plantations, today also rich in a thriving industry and a highly developed service sector. Two thirds of the territory is covered with forests, so the agricultural sector is still important.


According to, Georgia was colonized by the British, the last of the thirteen British lands, named after George II of England. Battlefield during some phases of the Civil War, Atlanta was first destroyed then rebuilt in a short time, as a fundamental hub for transport to the whole south. Atlanta then becomes the protagonist for the protests against apartheid led by Martin Luther King, for the election of Jimmy Carter as 39th president of the USA, also rises to the fore with the 1996 Olympics and remains unforgettable in the scenarios of the film Gone with the Wind.

City to see

Atlanta is an ever-expanding capital, due to the arrival of immigrants both from the north of the United States and from South America. The atmosphere is of a welcoming, livable city, with large buildings alongside numerous green areas. Atlanta is also home to the largest aquarium in the world; it is possible to visit the CNN studios, the Coca Cola museum and the most important museum in the South East, designed by Renzo Piano. In addition to large shopping malls, Atlanta still preserves neighborhoods where noble descendants live in neoclassical villas reminiscent of the colonial period.

Augusta is the second largest city in Georgia, famous for hosting a major international golf tournament every year.

Another city to know is Savannah, along the river of the same name. Period houses and colonial buildings next to which there are places where creativity does not fear criticism and the debauchery of the creative atmosphere mitigates the historical austerity of the past.

Helen instead is a characteristic village but in perfect Bavarian style, the southern Oktoberfest is held here.


A few kilometers from Atlanta stands the majestic Stone Mountain, a gigantic mountain, entirely made of granite and from whose summit you can admire the panorama of Atlanta. In the northern part of the mountain, the generals who guided the history of Georgia are depicted.
For photo lovers, a ride along the Chattahochee River allows you to be in contact with a multi-faceted nature.

NAMED: “The Empire State of the South”
ORIGIN NAME: Officially established as a colony by George II, from whom it takes its name, it was the refuge of various Protestant sects.
CAPITAL: Atlanta
STATE BOUNDARIES: Alabama, Florida, North and South Carolina, Tennessee
MEMBER UNION SINCE: 2 January 1788 (4th state)
POPULATION: 7,788,240
CAPITAL POPULATION: 488,800 residents
MOTTO: “Wisdom, justice and moderation”
TREE: Live Oak
BIRD: Brown Trasher
FLOWER: Cherokee Rose
SONG: Georgia on my mind
THE FLAG: The flag of Georgia has three red stripes and one white band. The thirteen stars denote that Georgia is one of the original thirteen colonies. In the coat of arms the three columns supporting an arch represent the three branches of government: legislative, judicial and executive. A man with a drawn sword is defending the constitution, whose principles are wisdom, justice and moderation. The date 1776 represents the declaration of Independence. The flag was adopted on May 8, 2003.
AGRICULTURE: Poultry and eggs, peanuts, livestock, pigs, dairy products.
INDUSTRY: Textiles, food processing, paper products, chemicals, electrical equipment, tourism.

Economy Georgia (United States)

Industry, commerce and services occupy 60% of the Georgia workforce. Although agriculture is no longer the leading sector of the country’s economy, many workers are still employed in industries related to the processing of agricultural products. The poultry farms concentrated in Gainesville in northern Georgia are among the most important. Georgian agriculture has undergone a profound transformation which, in parallel with the reduction in the number of employees, has brought about a vast process of diversification, modernization and mechanization: soybeans, maize, peanuts, tobacco, chickens, cattle, vegetables and fruit are the products today. most important in the industry. Agricultural activity is mainly concentrated in the coastal plain. Forests. The state’s vast pine forests feed an important sector of the economy. In addition to wood and wood pulp, resins and tars are also produced. After a past of slow and limited industrialization, post-war Georgia underwent a real economic revolution. The pre-existing textile industry continued to develop, in particular with the production of carpets. The clothing industry has become the second largest in the state, while the transport, paper, food and electrical machinery industries are also flourishing. After a period of decline, river transport has recently regained importance, but most of the freight traffic remains entrusted to railways and trucks. The major cities are all served by good airports. Forced to import fuels, Georgia benefits from the proximity of the Appalachian coalfield. 20% of the energy consumed in Georgia comes from hydroelectric plants, the rest from coal or natural gas thermal plants.

Economy Georgia