FOLLOWING THE TRAIL OF THE GOLD RUSH
It is in Australia there are still real hunters for luck. In a place called Fire Hills prospectors from all over the world are looking for new deposits of opals, and some of them are lucky. The spirit of the Klondike hovers over this scorched desert, where during the day the thermometer stays steadily at forty degrees. A real ghost town has grown here, where no one can name the exact number of people living in it. They say that about six thousand. There are no names here – only nicknames, and few people try to advertise their origin – some inhabitants are in trouble with the law. However, they peacefully dig the rock next to the former professors of European universities. Everyone can come, get a plot of 50 by 50 meters absolutely free of charge and try their luck. She smiles at someone, and someone has been digging in vain for decades. And this is the whole of Australia – here sometimes more than necessary, they believe in luck.
ANCIENT ABORIGENIC CULTURE Of particular interest is the culture of the aborigines – the indigenous population of the mainland, which you can touch in the town of Alice Springs , which is considered the capital of the aboriginal territories, where any interference with the traditional way of life is prohibited. Not far from here is the stone rock of Uluru – a sacred place for the natives, who believe that the whole world and they themselves originated from here. This rock is the world’s largest monolith, which is over 3 kilometers long, two kilometers wide and 348 meters high.
According to Deluxesurveillance, most excursions to the Uluru area are organized in the early morning or before sunset, and this is no coincidence – it is in the rays of the setting sun or at dawn that the monolith is transformed as a result of a fantastic play of colors on its walls. In recent years, motorcycle tours around the cliff have also gained popularity, as well as helicopter tours, during which you can look at the Aboriginal shrine, dotted with cave paintings from a bird’s eye view.
The worship of local tribes to the monolith has a history of many thousands of years. During this time, many legends have developed about the unique properties and powers of Uluru, which guides are happy to retell to tourists. Also, sometimes you can watch ancient rituals, including, in some cases, sacrifices in the form of killed emus. You can get here by car or by air from Alice Springs.
FANS OF GASTRO TOURISM
Wine connoisseurs and gourmets should make a trip to the Margaret River region , located in the southwest of Australia. It produces 15% of the total volume of the country’s best vintage wines, which can be tasted in dozens of establishments specially opened for this purpose.
In addition, here you can appreciate the best varieties of Australian beer, taste delicious local cheeses, enjoy the products of local confectioneries – in a word, a real expanse for gourmets. Fans of outdoor activities in between meals will be offered a variety of activities – from fishing and mountain climbing to canoeing on the Margaret River itself, which gave the region its name.
History in Australia
Australia was discovered by the Dutch navigator V. Janszon in 1606 and named New Holland, and already in the 19th century the name Australia was fixed – from (Terra Australis Incоgnita – Unknown Southern Land). In 1770, James Cook landed here and proclaimed the new land a colony of Britain, calling it New South Wales. Eighteen years later, the first exile colony was founded in the Sydney area. According to the laws of that time, after the expiration of the term of imprisonment, the convicts acquired the right to a free settlement. Subsequently, this explosive mixture of convicts, forgotten soldiers, outcast gold diggers who rushed here in the middle of the 19th century, and Irish rebels melted down and became a single nation that created a state.
In 1901, the separate English colonies in Australia were united into the Commonwealth of Australia. The created Federation – from six states and two territories – received the status of a dominion. The capital of the country was the former city of gold diggers – Melbourne, which regularly performed the functions of the capital until 1927, when the capital was moved to the city of Canberra, specially built for this purpose.
During the Second World War, Australian citizens took part in the fighting in Crete, North Africa, Greece and Italy on the side of the allied forces. As a result, for the only time in history, the Australian city of Darwin was bombed by the Japanese in 1942.
Currently, Australia is a member of the British Commonwealth (other members are Great Britain, Canada, New Zealand).