Illinois History and Attractions

By | July 25, 2022

According to, Illinois is a state in the Midwest of the USA. The territory borders to the north with Wisconsin, to the south with Kentucky, to the east with Indiana and to the west with Missouri and Iowa. Part of the country’s northeast borders are identified with Lake Michigan.

The capital of Illinois is Springfield which creates a central area of ​​the state which is also the most populated. To the north, on the other hand, Illinois has the region where everything is concentrated in the city of Chicago, while to the south the country is characterized by large areas with crops as well as oil and coal fields.


According to,the State of Illinois is the land where one of the greatest prehistoric civilizations in all of North America developed. With a huge leap in time, going back to the Civil War, Illinois has benefited from being an important center for the steel and heavy industries. However, the notable economic growth has given rise to frequent conflicts between industrialists and workers, resulting in frequent struggles and the birth of strong trade union experiences. During the Prohibition of the 1920s, corruption linked to the Al Capone clanit involved the political class of the state, causing a decisive disconnect, evident even now, between the liberal spirit of cities like Chicago and instead the conservative character of the agricultural and industrial towns of the southern part of the country.

Places to visit

The capital Springfield is a small city that revolves around the places where Abram Lincoln lived and worked, you can visit his house, the museum with the library and even see his body in the museum tomb. The entire block in which Lincoln and his wife’s home is located is preserved leaving the architecture of the 1800s and many buildings are open to visitors.

Chicago , on the other hand, is located in the northern part of the State of Illinois. It is a city with a strong attraction, with a metropolitan style starting from the numerous skyscrapers that form the urban center and among all the Willis Tower, also known by the old name of Sears Tower, the tallest skyscraper in the United States, at moment. In addition to the skyscrapers, focus on the neighborhood called the Loop, Chicago is characterized by multi-ethnic neighborhoods, where it is possible to eat in restaurants with typical Japanese, Chinese, Mexican, Cuban, Polish cuisine… Even the music venues are affected by different influences, so you can listen to jazz music but also blues, rock and others genres. Chicago also offers numerous museums, art galleries, exhibition centers, such as Millennium Park, where you can admire outdoor design works.

The long journey of the legendary Route66 begins from Chicago, one of the great American national roads, along which you can admire boundless territories where it is not always easy to find refreshment points and fuel supplies, but which for this reason retain the charm of adventure on the road, often declaimed also by the great American writers.

NAMED: “The Prairie State”
ORIGIN NAME: The region was explored by Joliet and Marquette in 1673, who named it so from the algonquin Illiniwek, superior men.
CAPITAL: Springfield
MEMBER UNION SINCE: December 3, 1818 (21st state)
POPULATION: 12,128,370
CAPITAL POPULATION: 115,888 residents
MOTTO: “State sovereignty, national union”
TREE: White Oak
BIRD: Cardinal
FLOWER: Native violet
SONG: Illinois
THE FLAG: The Illinois flag is a simple representation of the Great Seal of Illinois on a white background. In 1969, the general assembly voted to add the word “ILLINOIS” under the flag’s Great Seal. The state name was added to the flag to make sure people unfamiliar with the Great Seal of Illinois recognized the flag. The flag was adopted in 1915.
AGRICULTURE: Cereals, soy, pigs, livestock, dairy products, wheat.
INDUSTRY: Processing of food products, chemicals, metal products, petroleum, coal.

Illinois economy

The most important crops are made up of wheat, soy, barley, oats and vegetables (Illinois produces one fifth of the wheat of the entire USA). The breeding of cattle and pigs is also important.
The state forestry heritage, which constituted 40% of the territory 200 years ago, is now reduced to less than 10%. Today, Illinois lumber production is one of the smallest economic activities. The many lakes and rivers of Illinois represent a huge reserve for fishing activity. Among the most fished breeds are carp, catfish and other species. Sport fishing is practiced in southern Illinois and especially on Lake Michigan.

Illinois is one of the most industrialized states in the country. The most important industries are the chemical, electronic, publishing, agricultural machinery, means of transport and scientific instruments sectors. Chicago is home to the world’s largest consumer goods market, the Chicago Board of Trade. IIIinois is one of the largest producers and consumers of energy in the United States. About 60% of the total energy production is provided by coal plants. There are also numerous nuclear power plants. Since 1974, a modern system for recycling waste has been in operation in the Chicago area: these are pumped underground and, after the natural chemical reactions have occurred, they are pulverized, dried and used as fertilizer. L’
Tourism also contributes to the state’s economy, which finds attraction in cities like Chicago and events such as the Illinois Fair in Springfield.

Illinois economy