Indiana History and Attractions

By | July 25, 2022

According to, the state of Indiana is in the Midwest of the United States, bordering Lake Michigan, Illinois, Kentucky, Ohio and Michigan. Its capital is Indianapolis, very well known above all because it is home to an important motor racing circuit.

The name Indiana directly recalls the past in which the land was inhabited by native tribes, in fact translated “Indiana” means Land of the Indians.

The state’s territory is almost entirely flat, with the exception of rolling hills around Lake Michigan and sand dunes in the northwestern part of the country. The climate is hot and humid in summer while winters are rather harsh, except in the south where temperatures remain mild, thanks to the presence of numerous rivers.


According to, Indiana is a territory of discovery first of the French fur merchants and then of the English landowners, both of whom have to face in battles the natives, of the Indian tribes, who however capitulate in the early 1800s in the battle of Tippecanoe. With Indiana’s entry into the United States, Swiss, Poles, Germans, Czechs and others also arrive from Europe. The economy undergoes a transformation, no longer just the territory of corn and tobacco crops, but also manufacturing industries, thanks to the exploitation of rivers as the main communication routes.

Places to visit

Indianapolis is the capital of the state, its nickname is Nap Town, the city of the nap and this suggests the lack of particular attractions. In any case, the Museum of Arts and the Museum of Cars that raced in the famous car circuit are worth a visit.

In the surroundings of Indianapolis, on the other hand, the places to visit are different. Fairmount is the hometown of James Dean, it has a museum dedicated to him with some personal objects of the 1950s star on display.

Columbus is a city whose architecture is curated by the best architects in the world, so there are many buildings to admire.
In the southern part of the country, on the other hand, there are numerous small towns that retain the historical characteristics linked to the nineteenth century, with atmospheres that recall the era of gold diggers and colonizers, as well as being able to visit caves, hills and rivers, in which to devote oneself to outdoor activities.


Scattered throughout the state of Indiana there are more than twenty parks and nature reserves that allow you to come into contact with a wild environment, where flora and fauna are protected. Inside the parks you can visit villages of pioneers, discover lands full of mosses and ferns, collections of ancient fossils, also get to know an aquatic fluvial environment.

Around Lake Michigan there are sand dunes, which however flank cacti, deciduous forests and coniferous forests, creating a unique landscape of its kind. In the area you can take hiking trails from which you can also spot the royal blue heron.

NAMED: “The Hoosier State”
ORIGIN NAME: Between 1800 and 1841 the Indians of the region were massacred or deported: their memory remains in the name of the state.
CAPITAL: Indianapolis
MEMBER UNION SINCE: 11 December 1816 (19th state)
POPULATION: 5,942,901
CAPITAL POPULATION: 864.447 residents
MOTTO: “The Crossroads of America”
TREE: Tulip Tree
BIRD: Cardinal
SONG: On the Banks of the Wabash, Far Away
THE FLAG: The flag field is blue with nineteen stars and a burning torch, representing the first thirteen colonies; the nineteenth star, significantly larger than the others, reminds us that Indiana was the 19th state to join the union. The flag was adopted in 1917.
AGRICULTURE: Cereals, soy, pigs, livestock, dairy products, eggs.
INDUSTRY: Steel, chemicals, oil and coal.

Indiana economy

Indiana is a predominantly agricultural state, considering that more than 70% of the land is cultivated, and that its annual production is estimated at 2.7 billion dollars. One of the largest revenues of the state is made up of maize and soybeans, although other products, such as tobacco and fruit, contribute largely to the total agricultural income.

In the main cities located in the Calumet industrial area, the processing of iron, steel and petroleum products is mainly developed. In the rest of Indiana, however, the production of the secondary sector is more varied: from pharmaceuticals to that of musical instruments.

Prevailing are coal mining in the northern part of the country, and bitumen in the southwest. The production of building lime, used among other things for buildings such as the Empire State Building and the Pentagon, is significant.

The physical characteristics of the territory and in particular the famous sand dunes of Lake Michigan and the splendid natural parks attract thousands of tourists every year. Interesting are the remains of prehistoric Indian culture and early European settlements. Numerous enthusiasts come to Indiana to indulge in fishing in the waters of the numerous rivers, lakes and natural basins.

One of the first stagecoach roads was built in Indiana shortly after its official recognition as a state, and until the railroad appeared, rivers and canals were continuously traversed by boats and barges.

Indiana economy