Kentucky History and Attractions

By | July 25, 2022

According to, Kentucky is a state that enjoys a privileged central position, as it allows it to undergo and blend the influences of the different areas of the United States of America. Kentucky mixes the sleepiness of the south with the adventurous spirit of the west, the industrial life of the north with the ancient aristocratic charm of the east. In fact, the state borders Ohio, Illinois and Indiana to the north, Tennessee to the south, Virginia to the east and Missouri to the west.

Kentucky is also nicknamed The Bluegrass State, as countless blue-colored buds sprout in the fields in spring. It is a state whose beauty is given precisely by the geographical and cultural crossroads that characterize it. The territory is outlined formed by plateaus in the north, fertile and flat soil in the central-south part, coal mines in the western direction. There are many rivers that cross Kentucky, making it the second state, after Alaska, to have the largest number of trafficable rivers, as well as having the largest artificial lake, Lake Cumberland.


According to, Kentucky has been a battleground for the conquest of its fertile lands, by both the French and the British. Obtained then by the British crown, also with the support of the native Indian tribes, during the Civil War the clashes became bloody again. Abraham Lincoln is a native of Kentucky.
At the end of the war, the coal mining industry, the cultivation of tobacco and the development of railway communication developed.

Places to visit

The capital of Kentucky is Frankfort, an important university, Kentucky State University is the first founded for African Americans. The city is small but boasts historic colonial-style buildings that are worth a visit.

The most important city, however, is Louisville, as it hosts the Kentucky Derby, the horse race that makes the state world leader in the breeding of thoroughbreds. Exactly the largest owners and breeders of horses reside in the Lexington area, where there is no shortage of villas and luxurious farms scattered among the pastures of the prairies.

Kentucky also owns 90% of the production capacity of bourbon, the whiskey that contains 51% corn and must be distilled in charcoal-treated oak barrels for at least two years.


Crossing the Bluegrass Country offers the opportunity to admire the colors of nature, from the green of the prairies with patches of flowers, the blue of the many streams and lakes to the boundless sky that dominates and frames the whole landscape.

But the only attraction in the world is given by the Mammoth Cave National Park, where you can hike into underground caves that cover a length of about 483 kilometers. Mammoth is currently the largest known cave in the world, with large internal cathedrals and distinctive rock formations that attract at least two million tourists each year.

NAMED: “The Bluegrass State”
ORIGIN NAME: Land of the future, or land of the prairies, means the Iroquois word from which this prosperous agricultural state derives its name.
CAPITAL: Frankfort
UNION MEMBER FROM: 1 June 1792 (15th state)
POPULATION: 3,960,825
CAPITAL POPULATION: 27,680 residents
MOTTO: “United we stand, divided we fall”
TREE: Tulip Poplar
BIRD: Cardinal
FLOWER: Goldrenrod
SONG: My Old Kentucky Home
THE FLAG: It is placed on a navy blue field with the words “Commonwealth of Kentucky”. The two friends waving their hands, a pioneer and a statesman, represent all the people. They are showing the meaning of the Kentucky motto: “Together we stand, divided we fall.” The flag was adopted in 1918 and amended in 1928 and 1962.
AGRICULTURE: Horses, livestock, tobacco, dairy products, pigs, soy, cereals.
INDUSTRY: Chemicals, food processing, tobacco products, coal, tourism.

Kentucky economy

Contrary to popular belief, industry contributes substantially to the Kentucky economy, outstripping agriculture and mining combined.

Agricultural activity is mainly located in the western part of the state. The most important crop is tobacco, followed by wheat, soy and oats. Intense is the breeding of cattle (production of dairy products), pigs, horses and poultry.

Bituminous coal, oil and natural gas are the most important mining products.

Manufacturing activities are located in the Ohio River Valley, the Ashland-Catlettsburg area to the northeast and the Paducah-Calvert City area and around the city of Lexington. Other major industrial centers are Louisville, Owensboro and the Newport-Covington area. Main products are iron and aluminum, machinery and chemicals and food (alcoholic beverages). Important are the tobacco processing and the wood industry.

The most popular tourist areas are the four federal parks, other protected areas and territories located around Lakes Barkley and Kentucky. Visitors are also attracted to the numerous horse races, including the famous “Kentucky Derby”.

Kentucky economy