Maine History and Attractions

By | July 25, 2022

According to, Maine is a North American state bordering Canada, bathed in the south by the Atlantic Ocean, and bordered for a short distance to the southwest by New Hampshire. The capital is Augusta but the best known city is Portland.

The territory of Maine is mostly mountainous in the north, hilly in the east and south and close to the sea. The coasts of Maine are flat in the south, more irregular in the north, full of islands among which the best known is Mount Desert. The climate is continental, with a lot of rainfall, especially on the coast, and temperatures that rarely exceed 22-23 degrees in summer. Along the coastal strip, phenomena such as hurricanes are not rare.

There are around 1,600 lakes in Maine, the largest of which is Moosehead Lake. The most relevant river is the Saint John, which continues into Canada.


According to, the territory of Maine was one of the first to be studied by European explorers, before their arrival it was inhabited by various Algonquian tribes. It was then called a colony and incorporated by Massachusetts in 1691. It then struggled to separate from it but only in 1820 was it recognized as the twenty-third state of the United States. The definitive borders with the Canadian province of New Brunswick were only established in 1842. Maine sided with the Northerners in the Secession War, and at that time the state economy opened up to new industries and new crops. Beginning in the twentieth century, the state began producing hydroelectricity and created many papermaking plants.

Although in recent decades Maine has seen the arrival of many tourists, it still remains one of the poorest states in the United States.

Fun Fact: Portland native writer Stephen King set many of his most famous books in the woods and villages of Maine, including “Carrie”, “The Dead Zone” and “Precious Things”.

Places to visit

In Portland, the historic center is definitely worth a visit. Also very interesting is the Art district, a district of “alternative” shops and clubs, where shopkeepers sell objects made with recycled materials and where the streets are full of painters, rappers, guitarists and other artists who perform spontaneously. Also not to be missed is a visit to Casco Bay, a natural inlet full of islands.

On the Canadian border is Kennebunkport, a delightful Victorian-style town with a beach of fine, light-colored sand.
Other characteristic places, where you can rediscover the flavor of “Old America” ​​are Sargentville and Castle.


There is a wide variety of choices in typical Maine cuisine: from lobster, served with salad, fried potatoes and fish broth, to exquisite Ducktrap River salmon. Very characteristic is the lobster sandwich, in which the taste of the crustacean pulp is enhanced by a few added elements, such as lettuce and mayonnaise.

Maine is the world’s leading producer of canned sardines.

Natural parks

The most famous park in Maine is Acadia National Park, under Mount Cadillac. It is a park that is home to about 350 animal species and 200 types of plants and has a breathtaking view. Other parks in Maine are Baxter State Park and the White Mountains National Forest.

NAMED: “The Pine Tree State”
ORIGIN NAME: The state derives its name from “maine”, a word used by the English to distinguish the mainland (continent) from the sun.
CAPITAL: Augusta
MEMBER UNION SINCE: March 15, 1820 (23rd state)
POPULATION: 1,253,040
CAPITAL POPULATION: 18,605 residents
MOTTO: “Dirigo (” I lead “or” I direct “)”
TREE: White Pine
BIRD: Chickadee
FLOWER: Pine Cone and Tassel
SONG: State of Maine Song
THE FLAG: In the center of the flag is a moose resting under a pine tree. A farmer and a sailor represent the work that people did in the early days. Under the North Star is indicated the motto: “Dirigo”. The flag was adopted in 1909.
AGRICULTURE: Seafood, poultry and eggs, potatoes, dairy products, livestock, blueberries, apples.
INDUSTRY: Products derived from paper, wood, food processing, leather products, textiles, tourism.

Economics Maine

Maine’s main sources of income are, in order of importance, industry, tourism and agriculture. Industry is mainly concentrated in the south-western part of the state, while agriculture has its center in the north-east. The main tourist attractions are the coast and the rivers, mountains and lakes of the interior.

Although agriculture has lost its importance, it makes an essential contribution to the state’s exports. The largest part of the income of this sector comes from livestock and its products, especially eggs and poultry. The breeding of dairy and beef cattle is also of considerable importance.

Maine ranks third among the country’s states for potato production, after Idaho and Washington. Other important products are oats, hay, forage maize, beans, peas, sugar beets and fruit, especially apples and blueberries.

Trees are the main resource of Maine’s industrial sector Maine is the largest lobster producer in the United States. Mining in Maine is essentially irrelevant to the state’s economy. Sand and gravel together with granite, limestone, clay, copper, lead and zinc represent the most economically important minerals. Maine is the leading US producer of garnet, mined in the southwestern part of the country.

The industry supplies most of Maine’s production which ranks first in the US in the paper setter. Among other manufacturing activities, food and textiles stand out, together with leather and wood processing. The shipbuilding, electrical machinery, rubber and plastics industries have recently gained in importance. The main source of employment for the state, however, remains the leather industry, which is, moreover, highly threatened, like the textile industry, by foreign competition. The food sector, on the other hand, is constantly growing, producing many frozen and canned products.

One of the most important components of the state economy is tourism. In addition to coastal and inland resort towns, Maine has a great abundance of wildlife, which attracts hunters and sportsmen. Another attraction is a number of state parks, various historic landmarks and New England’s only National Park, Acadia National Park, in Bar Harbor.

Economics Maine