Maryland History and Attractions

By | July 25, 2022

According to, Maryland is one of the states on the east coast of the United States. It borders Pennsylvania to the north, Delaware to the east, Virginia to the south and southwest, and the Atlantic Ocean to the southeast, which penetrates the Chesapeake Bay.

The surface of the state is over 32 thousand square km. A chain of islands develops along the Atlantic coast. The territory of the state is largely flat, and can be divided into five major areas: the Valley and Ridge Region, the coastal area, that of the Allegheny Mountains, the Piedmont plateau and the Blue Ridge region. The most important rivers in Maryland are the Potomac and the Susquehanna.

The climate of the state is sub-tropical, in winter temperatures usually drop below freezing, in summer they reach 30 degrees. But the Allegheny Mountains region has a more severe climate, rarely exceeding 20 degrees.


According to, until the 18th century, Maryland was only a colony, founded in 1634 and annexed to Pennsylvania in 1682, and was one of the few areas of the country with a Catholic majority. Later recognized as a state, it became part of the Confederation in 1788, almost immediately giving up the area where Washington was later built, or the District of Columbia.

During the war of 1812, Maryland was severely damaged by battles against the British. He later sided with the Northerners when the Secession War broke out, but many of its citizens fought for the opposing faction to maintain slavery, which was finally abolished in 1867.

During the two world wars, the Maryland shipyards experienced the moment of maximum development. In the 1980s, the entire port area of ​​Baltimore was the subject of a redevelopment work, thus transforming the city into a tourist destination.

Places to visit

Baltimore is, in fact, a port city, and its most characteristic areas are along the coast: Inner Harbor, Fells Point and Little Italy. In the interior of the city there is the Mount Vernon district, where theaters, museums, universities but also night clubs and shops are concentrated. Particularly interesting to visit is the Walters Art Museum, which houses works of all ages and from all over the world.

In Annapolis, the state capital, the United States Naval Academy and the Liberty Tree, a 400-year-old poplar, symbol of freedom, are worth seeing, since revolutionaries used to meet under it.


Maryland cuisine is very varied. In addition to the many ethnic restaurants, you can enjoy specialties such as the Chesapeake bay grill, a mix of seafood, shellfish soup and Crab Cakes, crab meatballs, crackers, eggs and mayonnaise. For those who love meat, Maryland chicken, with bacon and legumes, is definitely worth trying.

The Chesapeake Bay

The bay, fed by more than 150 rivers and perfectly preserved over the years, is the ideal place for a cruise through its waters, marshes and the cities that overlook it. The best times for this absolutely unique trip are spring and autumn.

NAMED: “The Old Line State”
ORIGIN NAME: Terra Mariae or Maryland, as the English colony was called in honor of Enrichetta Maria, the wife of Charles I.
CAPITAL: Annapolis
MEMBER UNION SINCE: April 28, 1788 (7th state)
POPULATION: 5,171,634
CAPITAL POPULATION: 39,278 residents
MOTTO: “Manly deeds, womanly words”
TREE: White Oak
BIRD: Oriole
FLOWER: Black-Eyed Susan
SONG: Maryland, My Maryland
THE FLAG: The Maryland flag contains the Crossland and Calvert family crest. Maryland was founded as an English colony in 1634 by Cecil Calvert, the second lord of Baltimore. The black and gold designs belong to the Calvert family. The red and white design belongs to the Crossland family. The flag was adopted in 1904.
AGRICULTURE: Seafood, poultry and eggs, dairy products, cattle, soy, cereals.
INDUSTRY: Food processing products, chemicals, primary metals, coal, tourism.

Economy of Maryland

The main economic activity is industry. About a third of the industry’s jobs are concentrated in the Baltimore metropolitan area. The most important industry is metallurgy and the Sparrows Point plant is one of the largest steel mills in the United States. Also important are the assembly of automobiles, the production of electrical instruments, the textile and food shipbuilding industry.

In Maryland, agricultural production is of relative importance to the state but agriculture remains an important activity in the non-metropolitan counties between Baltimore and Cumberland. In the Eastern Shore there is a strong production of poultry and the cultivation of maize and soy is also widespread. The south of the state still produces good tobacco, which is exported in large quantities to Europe. In Piedmont, cultivation is accompanied by breeding, while in the western valleys the production of apples and peaches is widespread.

The main commercial fishing area is the Chesapeake Bay. In the early 1980s, the production of shellfish, especially oysters, which increased significantly from the 1960s onwards, provided much of the volume and income of Maryland’s fisheries. The forest industry is of limited importance.

Mining is distributed throughout the state and its most important product is stone, along with sand and gravel. Coal is present in the western mountains of the state, but its production has decreased since the beginning of the century and today.

Economy of Maryland