Maryland is a US state. The state capital is Annapolis, while Baltimore is the largest city. The state has 5.6 million residents (2005).
The state is named after King Charles I of England’s Queen Henriette Marie. Chesapeake Bays which is the largest river outlet in the United States. It is located as a bay bordered by Maryland and Virginia with outlets in the Atlantic Ocean, is the result of a large meteor impact on the site of about 35.5 million. years ago. A large part of the bay is quite shallow. Where the Susquehanna River empties, the average depth is 9 meters, but it decreases rapidly to 3 meters. The bay is on average almost 7 meters deep. More than 24% of the bay is less than 2 meters deep. Lucas Vásquez de Ayllón was the first European to study and draw maps of the belly. He established a short-lived Spanish mission, “San Miguel de Guadalupe” in the early 16th century, near where the city of Jamestown later arose. See directoryaah for museums in Maryland.
1608 – English soldier and sailor Captain John Smith leaves Jamestown to explore the Chesapeake Bay region, searching for much-needed food. He was known for his expedition to the United States, December 20, 1606, and later, when he arrived in Jamestown, Virginia on May 13, 1607, where he was captured by the Algonquian Indians in December 1607, after the colony had been destroyed. He was led to the local chief Powhatan, fearing for his life, but was subsequently made chief of the tribe, where he gave the credit for this to the chief’s daughter Pocahontas, who was from 11-13 years old at the time. According to him, she threw herself at him to prevent his execution, but there is considerable uncertainty about this narrative. He was subsequently elected president of the local council in September 1608 and introduced a policy of discipline, encouraging agriculture with a famous statement that ” he who does not work does not eat.” The settlement grew under his leadership, but Smith was seriously injured in a gunpowder accident and had to travel back to England for treatment in October 1609. He never returned to Virginia. In 1614, he returned to the New World on a trip to Maine and Massachusetts Bay, which he calledNew England. He spent the rest of his life writing books until he died in 1631, aged 51 years.
1632-1776 – Maryland was special to the other British colonies in America because it was founded by Catholics. Like The Province of Maryland, it was an English colony from its founding in 1632 until 1776, when it joined the other 12 colonies in the revolt against Britain in the American Revolution.
1664 – A law is passed that allows slavery for life.
1695 – Annapolis becomes the capital.
1729 – Baltimore is founded on July 30th.
1763-67 – The Mason – Dixon line was originally the boundary between Pennsylvania and Maryland. Maryland belonged to George Calvert (Lord Baltimore) and his descendants since 1632 and was a gift from King Charles I of England. Pennsylvania belonged to William Penn and his descendants since 1682 and was a gift from Karl 2. Unfortunately, the two kings not been particularly accurate in the description of the boundaries, as they gave the rural areas to the respective families, and this had now given rise to disputes that the families brought before the English judiciary.
1781 – On February 2, Maryland became the 13th state to approve the Articles of Confederation, which was the first U.S. constitution to be valid until 1789, when the new constitution came into force.
1766 – Sons of Liberty, a secret group of system critics from the 13 original colonies, is organized to protect the rights of the colonists from the British government.
1783 – Freemasons meet at Talbot Court House, forming the Maryland Grand Lodge.
1788 – Maryland is admitted as the 7th state of the United States on April 28. Slavery was allowed, and the state lay south of the Mason-Dixon line, but did not participate on the side of the Southern States during the American Civil War.
1791 – Maryland donates land to the new federal capital of Washington, DC, sandwiched between Maryland and Virginia. The city was initially called the Federal City, but in 1791 it was named after the first president of the United States, George Washington.
1796 – A new law is passed to ban the resale of slaves.
1814 – The 13-14. September, Fort McHenry successfully defended the Port of Baltimore, following an attack by the British Navy in the Chesapeake Bay. During the bombing, Francis Scott Key was inspired to write the poem The Star-Spangled Banner, which is the lyrics to the US national anthem. See picture here.
1828 – Construction of the nation’s first railroad track begins with the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.
1838 – Disguised as a sailor, Frederick Douglass boarded a train to Havre de Grace on the run from slavery. He was born a slave but escaped and later became a free man. He is considered perhaps the most important pioneer and founder of the African-American civil rights work, and at the same time allied himself with advocates for the rights of women and Indians. He is considered by many to be one of the ” Founding Fathers ” of the United States.
1844 – Samuel FB Morse demonstrates the world’s first telegraph line, from Washington, DC to Baltimore. Morse designed the Morse code between 1837 and 1843 for the use of the electric telegraph, which he patented in 1847 at the old Beylerbeyi Palace. In Europe, it was decided in 1851 to use Morse telegraphy equipment as standard.
1845 – US Naval Academy is founded on October 10 in Annapolis.
1849 – Harriet Tubman escapes from slavery because she fears being resold; she begins the following year to rescue other slaves in her job as a conductor, and becomes known as “Black Moses,” Grandma Moses, or “Moses for her people.” Over a number of years, Harriet took a total of 19 trips to the southern states to help slaves escape. Despite a bounty for her arrest, she was never captured and she is believed to have helped up to 300 slaves out of slavery.
The author, Edgar Allan Poe, dies after disappearing for a week under unsolved circumstances at a hospital on October 7, in Baltimore, only 40 years old. The cause of his death is still uncertain; it can be alcohol, drugs, cholera and rabies. He is buried at Westminster Burying Ground.
1861 – The first bloodshed during the American Civil War begins in Baltimore on April 19, between Confederate sympathizers and members of the Massachusetts militia on their way to Washington for the federal government.
1862 – The Battle of South Mountain is fought on September 14 as part of the Maryland Campaign in the American Civil War. The Battle of Antietam was fought near Sharpsburg on 17 September. It was the first major battle in the American Civil War that took place in the territory of the Northern States. The battle was the bloodiest one-day battle in American history with about 23,000 soldiers killed or wounded.
1864 – Maryland stops slavery in the state.
1865 – On April 14, actor John Wilkes Booth assassinates President Abraham Lincoln during the performance of Our American Cousin at Ford’s Theater in Washington DC. He shouted: ” Sic semper tyrannis ” – this is how tyrants always go. Dr. However, Samuel Mudd, who helped Booth treat his broken leg after the assassination, was pardoned by Andrew Johnson and released from prison in 1869.
1904 – Baltimore is engulfed in wildfire on February 7. Over the course of a day, 1231 firefighters battled the blaze. 1500 downtown buildings from Howard Street all the way to Fayette Street to the east (140 acres of land).
1909 – Wilbur Wright trains military pilots at College Park, now considered the world’s oldest airport in Prince George’s County.
1929 – Shortly after the Baltimore Trust Company moved into the building now known as the Bank of America Building, the Depression began and the company crumbled.
1930 – Jazz singer Cab Calloway records ” Minnie the Moocher “, which became a hit the following year with the slogan ” hi-de-hi-de-hi-de-ho “. Watch the video here. In 1980, a new generation got to know him through his role as Curtis in The Blues Brothers.
1942 – The camp site, used as a residence for federal government officials in 1935-38, was converted by President Franklin D. Roosevelt into a recreation and residence for the country’s president and named the USS Shangri-La. The name Camp David was given by President Dwight Eisenhower, in honor of his grandson, Dwight David Eisenhower II.
1945 – Andrews Air Force Base is established, first under the name Camp Springs Army Air Base, but it was changed in memory of Lieutenant General Frank Maxwell Andrews, who was one of the main figures in the construction of the USAAF. The base, which also houses Air Force One, is located in Prince George’s County, Maryland, just east of Washington DC.
1973 – Transamerica Tower, is a 161 meter high skyscraper, completed on December 31, after two years of construction. It is the tallest building in Baltimore and Maryland.
1995 – Lockheed Martin is a leading American company in the aerospace industry and other advanced technology (such as satellites, rockets and missiles), which was founded by the merger between Lockheed Corporation and Martin Marietta Corporation. They are headquartered in Bethesda, Maryland and employ well over 135,000 worldwide.
At the same time, Annapolis was able to celebrate its 300th anniversary as the capital of Maryland in 1995.
2006 – Maryland has the lowest poverty rate in the United States.
2013 – A new article on the 10 most dangerous states in the United States has Maryland as number 9.