New Hampshire History and Attractions

By | July 25, 2022

The US state of New Hampshire is one of the 6 states of New England in the northeastern part of the United States. The other 5 are Maine, Massachusetts, Vermont, Rhode Island and Connecticut.

The neighboring states are Massachusetts to the south, Vermont to the west, Maine to the east, and Canada to the north. To the east it also borders the Atlantic Ocean.

According to, New Hampshire is the fifth smallest state and the ninth least populous of the 50 federated states. The capital is Concord, while the largest city is Manchester.

New Hampshire has 4 nicknames, the first being the best known:

  • Granite State, due to the vast granite formations and the presence of quarries;
  • Mother of Rivers(mother of rivers), for the rivers of New England that originate in the White Mountains of the state;
  • White Mountain State, for the mountain range;
  • Switzerland of America, for the beautiful mountainous scenery.

Climate, Flora and Fauna

The climate of New Hampshire is variable and has seasonal temperatures, with short and cool summers, long and cold winters, autumn is splendid for the spectacle of the foliage.
New Hampshire is covered in deep forests, with an abundance of helms, maples, beeches, pines, oaks and firs. Mount Washington is characterized by rare alpine plants such as Greenland sandstone, dwarf cinquefoil, and dwarf birch.

Among the mammals native to New Hampshire we find the white-tailed deer, the muskrat, the beaver, the porcupine. Among the endangered animals are the Arctic tern, the peregrine falcon, the osprey, the anthrostome.


According to, New Hampshire was the first state to have its own constitution, its spirit of independence is enshrined in its motto: “Live free or die”.

NH plays an important role in national elections, being the first state to hold the primary and this has certainly influenced the rest of the nation, giving rise to the saying “As New Hampshire goes, so goes the nation”.

Places to visit

New Hampshire is a gold mine of interesting places and stories, starting with the capital, Concord, where you can visit the New Hampshire State House, the government building, built in the early nineteenth century and designed by Stuart Park. Other stops in the city are the New Hampshire Historical Society; the “Old” Phenix Hall, an auditorium used by several politicians for their speeches, including President Lincoln in 1860 and Roosevelt in 1912.

Another must-see in the state is for example the Strawbery Banke Museum in Portsmouth.

NAMED: “The Granite State”
ORIGIN NAME: It was John Mason, to whom it was granted along with other private individuals, who gave the name to the region.
CAPITAL: Concord
MEMBER UNION FROM: 21 June 1788 (9th state)
POPULATION: 1,201,134
CAPITAL POPULATION: 43,244 residents
MOTTO: “Live free or die”
TREE: White Birch
BIRD: Finch
FLOWER: Purple Lilac
SONG: Old New Hampshire
THE FLAG: The flag of the State will be of the following color and will have: the body or the blue field and will have in the center in the right proportion a representation of the State. The coat of arms will be surrounded by a laurel wreath with nine scattered stars.
AGRICULTURE: Dairy products, livestock, apples, eggs.
INDUSTRY: Electronic material, rubber and plastic products, tourism.

Economy of New Hampshire

Although agriculture currently plays a small role in New Hampshire’s economy, farming and dairy production account for a large part of the country’s agricultural income. The production of apples, peaches, hay, maize and maple syrup are also important.

The state mainly produces sand, gravel and granite. Garnet, beryllium and zirconium are also mined.

The wood and paper industry is the most important manufacturing activity based on national resources, given that overall the wood cover covers more than 80% of the territory. Fishing, especially for lobsters, is practiced on the coast. The main industries of the state are those of electrical and electronic products, shoes, plastics, pulp and paper. Industry employs just over a quarter of the state workforce not employed in agriculture.

Tourism is New Hampshire’s second largest sector of economic activity today. Together with other service activities, it employs twice as many workers as in industry. The White Mountains and Lake Winnipesaukee are the most important tourist centers in the state.

Economy of New Hampshire