New Jersey History and Attractions

By | July 25, 2022

According to, New Jersey is an American state located in the North East of the United States. It borders the State of New York to the north and east, the Atlantic Ocean to the south and southeast, Pennsylvania to the west and Delaware to the southwest.

This state is the smallest in the United States but the 11th most populous and most densely populated of the 50 states.

The capital is Trenton while the largest city is Newark, where the Newark Liberty International Airport is also located, one of the busiest airports in the United States.


The area was inhabited by Native Americans for over 2800 years, by ancient tribes such as the Lenape along the coast. At the beginning of the 17th century, the Dutch and the Swedes established the first European settlements. Later the British took control of the area and named it the Province of New Jersey.

According to, New Jersey was the land of various decisive battles during the War of the American Revolution.

In the 19th century, companies in the cities of Trenton, Newark, Paterson and Elisabeth contributed to the development of the industrial revolution. New Jersey’s strategic location, in the center of megacities, between Boston and New York City to the northeast and Philadelphia, Baltimore and Washington DC to the southwest, fueled its rapid growth through the suburbanization process in the 1950s and beyond.

Places to visit

Well connected to New York City, New Jersey is easily accessible via the New Jersey Transit trains and buses.

If you travel in the summer or spring, the ideal is to spend a day on one of the beaches along the coast, for example Sandy Hook, to relax among sand dunes and the sweet sound of the waves, but looking at the ever-present Skyline of Manhattan.


New Jersey is the birthplace of some modern inventions, such as FM radio, lithium battery, postcard, airship, ice cream cone, drive-in, blueberry sauce.

NAMED: “The Garden State”
ORIGIN NAME: Possession of James II of England, who gave it to the governor of the island of Jersey in the sleeve, hence the name.
CAPITAL: Trenton
MEMBER UNION SINCE: 18 December 1787 (3rd state)
POPULATION: 8,143,412
CAPITAL POPULATION: 83,412 residents
MOTTO: “Liberty and Prosperity”
TREE: Red Oak
BIRD: Eastern Goldfinch
FLOWER: Purple Violet
SONG: New Jersey Loyality
THE FLAG: The flag of the State of New Jersey is buff yellow. The shield has three plows with the horse’s head above it. Two women represent the goddesses of freedom and agriculture. A ribbon at the bottom includes the year of independence, 1776, and carries the motto: “freedom and prosperity”. New Jersey formally adopted the flag in 1896.
AGRICULTURE: Horses, fruit and vegetables and peanuts, seafood.
INDUSTRY: Chemical products, electrical equipment, food processing, tourism.

New Jersey economy

Currently, a small portion of New Jersey’s land is classified as agricultural, but the state’s arable land has the highest unit value in the United States. New Jersey has a limited production of wood for processing into charcoal or for industrial use.

Commercial ocean fishing has been partially undermined by coastal pollution. New Jersey has a tax system structured to encourage industrial development that produces approximately 25% of the state’s total income. Much of the industry’s added value is provided by the chemicals sector. The electrical and electronic, food, metallurgical and machinery sectors are also important. The industrial research activity is also of considerable importance. The most important products of mining are building materials: gravel, sand, clay, crushed stone and limestone. However, zinc, titanium and magnesium are also extracted.

The tourism sector is now one of the most important sources of income in New Jersey. Atlantic City casinos, various winter and summer resorts complete the state’s tourism resources.

New Jersey economy