New Mexico History and Attractions

By | July 25, 2022

New Mexico is a state considered “Spanish” as Spanish is the second official language, in addition to English. Called New Mexico to indicate the territories that extend north and west of the Rio Grande. The state is animated by the fusion of three great cultures: the Anglo-Saxon, the Hispanic and the Native American.

New Mexico is located southwest of the United States, it borders Mexico to the south, Colorado to the north, Arizona to the west and Texas and Oklahoma to the east. The territory is crossed by the great river called Rio Grande, which flows from north to south of the country. Geographically the terrain is very varied but still barren, in the sense that there are large desolate and almost desert expanses next to mountains that reach 4000 meters in height and are always covered with snow. This geographic conformation inevitably makes New Mexico a more rural and sparsely populated state, the few cities present are still quite large in size.


According to, New Mexico has always had a strong presence of natives, the pueblos, who try by any means to maintain their territory and clash several times with the Spanish settlers and with the missionaries who coercively claim to convert the population to Catholicism. The arrival of Spanish hunters and miners changed the situation and the economic boom of the late 19th century was favored by the creation of the Santa Fe Trail. In 1900 colonies of artists enliven the area around Santa Fe, in 1943 a team of scientists developed the atomic bomb in a desolate place in New Mexico.

Places to visit

The capital Santa Fe has a life that revolves around everything that is art. City of painters, sculptors, photographers, it has numerous galleries, exhibition halls, museums. It has a multicultural and cosmopolitan character. It is the oldest city in the United States, the predominant color is yellow, due to the old clay houses, dried in the scorching sun.

Albuquerque is the largest city in the state, you can visit several museums that exhibit various examples of meteorites, the atomic bomb museum, the telephone museum.

Taos is a town in the peaks of Sangre de Cristo that boasts the bohemian atmosphere of the artists; Here you can meet eccentric personalities who let themselves be enchanted and influenced by the light of the place, immersed in a world halfway between the mundane and the rural.

The northwestern part of the country is considered Indian Land, to visit the houses carved into the rock and the ancient sites of the Navajos, Pueblo, Apache, Zuni and lagoon tribes.


Do not miss the appointment with the famous Indiana Market, now almost 100 years old, it is the market, held in Santa Fe, which presents the typical creations of the native Indians of the place. A dip in the original culture for sculptors, painters, stylists, artisans who take up the ancient ways of creation, inspired by the colors and ancient life of New Mexico. Not only an exhibition but also a market for purchases.

NAMED: “The Land of Enchantment”
ORIGIN NAME: Bloody and disputed land, it was named in the sixteenth century by the Spanish explorers who came from Mexico.
MEMBER UNION SINCE: January 6, 1912 (47th state)
POPULATION: 4,739,844
CAPITAL POPULATION: 83.922 residents
MOTTO: “Crescit eundo (It grows as it goes)”
TREE: Pinon
BIRD: Roadrunner
SONG: O, Fair New Mexico
THE FLAG: The yellow and red fields are the colors of Spain. The first to arrive in New Mexico were the Spanish explorers in 1540. On the flag of New Mexico we see a red sun with rays extending out of it. There are four groups of rays with four rays in each group. This is an ancient sun symbol of the Native American people called Zia. Aunt believed that the donor gave them gifts in groups of four. These gifts are: the four directions – north, south, east, west; the four seasons – spring, summer, autumn, winter; the day – dawn, afternoon, evening and night; the stages of life – infancy, youth, middle age and seniority. All of these are limited by a circle of life and love, with no beginning or end.
AGRICULTURE: Livestock, dairy products, hay, red chillies.
INDUSTRY: Electrical equipment, oil and coal, food processing, stone, glass and clay products, tourism.

New Mexico economy

Two thirds of agricultural income comes from livestock farming. Irrigated agriculture, made possible by numerous dams and wells, produces cotton, sorghum, pecan, maize, peanuts, beans, lettuce, onion and chilli.

Although 25% of the state’s territory is occupied by forests, commercial exploitation is limited to a few relatively humid mountain regions. New Mexico is in the top ten US states for the value of mining production. Oil, natural gas, copper and uranium are mined. The transformation of agricultural and mining products, the electronics industry and the activities of production, research and experimentation in the military field, are the backbones of the industrial sector of the State. Production activities and military research are located in Los Alamos, Albuquerque and at the White Sands missile base, between Alamogordo and las Cruces.

Tourism is a very important sector for the state economy. A National Park (Carlsbad Caverns), 10 national monuments, 32 state parks, numerous national forests and various ski resorts are at the service of a tourist flow that is attracted by the variety of cultures, as well as by the spectacular natural beauty.

New Mexico economy