New York History and Attractions

By | July 25, 2022

According to, the State of New York is located in the north-east of the country and overlooks the Atlantic Ocean, even if to a small extent. It is the 27th state in order of magnitude but one of the most populous in the entire continent.

It borders Canada to the north, the small states of Connecticut, Massachusetts and Vermont to the east, and Pennsylvania and New Jersey to the south.

The northern part of New York State is dominated by mountains, forests, rivers and lakes. The southern part, on the other hand, is the most urbanized and populous one, home to the large megalopolises which, alone, hold the entire economy of the state.

The capital of the State of New York is Albany, a city of less than 100,000 inhabitants that in the past was the scene of two important historical events: the Battle of Saratoga and the Plan for the Union of Labany. Despite this, the best known and most important city in the state remains New York City. Always considered the gateway to the United States, New York is a financial, cultural and tourist center of global importance.


According to, the history of the State of New York begins around 10,000 BC, when the first Native Americans settled in the country. The “discovery” by the Europeans took place in 1524 at the hands of French explorers. The first settlement, however, dates back to 1609 and was by the Dutch. Among the cities founded, we remember in particular New Amsterdam, which has become famous for the fur trade. Around 1660 the territory passed into the hands of the British. In honor of the Duke of York, the future King James II, the British renamed New Amsterdam to New York.

New York was one of the Thirteen Colonies to have actively participated in the American Revolution, which took place with the aim of putting an end to the British conquest of the territory. The state adopted its constitution in 1777, creating a strong government with a strict separation of powers. In 1785 New York City became the state capital, but in 1797 Albany took over permanently.

Places to visit

New York is undoubtedly the destination par excellence: it alone manages to catalyze over 90% of the tourist flows of the State. Among the many places to visit in the city, the most important are undoubtedly the Statue of Liberty, Central Park, the Brooklyn Bridge and the MoMA. Another interesting city to visit is Buffalo, the most populous city after New York. There are several attractions to visit, such as the Albright-Knox Art Gallery and Buffalo City Hall.

Even the naturalistic destinations are not far behind. It is impossible not to mention Niagara Falls. Located between Lake Erie and Lake Ontario, in the east end of the country, the falls attract millions of visitors each year. In a diametrically opposite position, we find Adirondack Park, one of the largest national parks in the United States.

Since the palate also wants its part, don’t miss the famous fried chicken wings in spicy sauce, the so-called Buffalo Wings. And if you are staying in New York, it is imperative to try the New York Steak, the Hot Dogs and the Giant Pretzels.

NAMED: “The Empire State”
ORIGIN NAME: It takes its name from the New Amsterdam of the Dutch, renamed in 1664 in honor of the Duke of York.
OTHER CITIES: New York City, Buffalo
MEMBER UNION SINCE: 26 June 1788 (11th state)
POPULATION: 18,196,601
CAPITAL POPULATION: 97,478 residents
MOTTO: “Excelsior (Even upward)”
TREE: Sugar Maple
BIRD: Bluebird
SONG: I love New York
THE FLAG: The goddess of freedom holds a pole, on the top of which a Phrygian hat takes place. At her feet is an abandoned crown, which represents freedom from England at the conclusion of the war of independence. On the right is the goddess of justice. She wears a blindfold and holds a sword and scales in her hands. This means that everyone receives equal treatment under the law. In the coat of arms a sun rises over the Hudson Highlands. Above the coat of arms is an eagle resting on a globe positioned in the western hemisphere. Finally, ships represent trade, which is vital to New York’s development. Finally, the writing at the bottom takes up the motto of the state.
AGRICULTURE: Dairy products, livestock, vegetables, apples.
INDUSTRY: Scientific instruments, electrical equipment, chemicals, tourism.

New York state economy

New York State ranks first in the US for wholesale and retail, finance, insurance, real estate investment, transportation, communications, utilities and other services.

Although New York State is only around twentieth place in the US when it comes to agricultural production, the sector retains considerable importance. Thanks to the expansion of the farm surfaces and the development of investments and technology, production has remained constant despite the continuous decrease in the agricultural area used. About half of the total income of farms comes from the production of dairy products.

The state’s lumber production is concentrated in the Adirondacks and consists mostly of softwoods. Small quantities of strong woods and pulp are also produced for the paper industry. Commercial fishing is still important, but overfishing and pollution have caused a contraction in production in recent years. Freshwater fishing in the rivers and lakes of Erie and Ontario has also been severely affected by the pollution.

The various cities of the state specialize in particular productive activities: for example, heavy industry is concentrated in Buffalo, while optical and photographic instruments are produced in Rochester. The most important industries globally are: publishing and printing, tools and related products, clothing and related products. Electric and other machinery, food and related products follow.

The greatest income in the mining sector is provided by the extraction of non-metallic minerals, such as cement, stone, clays, petroleum and more. Among the metals, lead, zinc, iron and silver are obtained.

Tourism and recreational activities contribute significantly to the state’s economy. Many millions of tourists are drawn to state parks, campgrounds and various historic locations each year. Private recreation centers attract many others, both in summer and in winter.

New York state economy