The State of Oklahoma is located in the south of the United States, its name derives from the composition of the two words Okla and Humma which literally mean ” red person “.
According to answermba.com, Oklahoma borders Colorado and Kansas to the north, Missouri and Arkansas to the east, New Mexico to the west and Texas to the south. Oklahoma is located along the so-called Frontier Strip or the line that ideally demarcates the United States of the East from those of the West.
It is also the state that has the largest number of artificial water basins, as many as 200 lakes created by man. The territory is very extensive but in terms of population density, Oklahoma does not boast a large number of inhabitants.
The woods cover a quarter of the territory and crossing it all along Route 66 is a unique experience.
The state is also home to about 39 Native American tribes, who maintain and protect their traditions by managing numerous museums and organizing events to learn about Indian culture.
Its main resource is given by the industry linked to energy, to the exploitation of natural gas and water basins, for the development of technologies and biotechnologies.
Initially a territory of Indians, who were also forced to move to Oklahoma, the state then became the territory of conquest of the Sooner, or settlers who settled on those lands before they were allowed the free appropriation of the lands. With the discovery of oil, the state experienced a prosperous period which also allowed it to emerge from the Great Depression and the depopulation suffered as a result of excessive soil erosion. With the resumption of agriculture, consequent to a greater awareness of the importance of the land and the ecosystem of the Plains, the greater the recovery of the fields becomes, always accompanied by the discovery of precious oil.
Places to visit
According to answerresume.com, Oklahoma City is the capital of the state, infamous for an attack by American terrorists in 1995. Today the city preserves the old buildings alongside more modern attractions, with a botanical garden and an entertainment district. Of particular interest is the museum dedicated to cowboys and their lifestyle, a western world that you can get to know and observe closely.
Guthrie is the ancient capital of Oklahoma so today it still has Victorian buildings built in brick and stone, as well as museums, shops and restaurants.
Tulsa, on the other hand, is considered the great oil capital, a city not attractive in its center as much as for the surroundings where the large villas of the owners of the oil companies are built.
Route66 has its longest stretch in Oklahoma, here Steinbeck sets the journey of the peasants moving for the Great Depression in the book Furore ; here was born the main supporter of this path, Cyrus Avery.
The grasslands of Oklahoma strongly recall the western landscapes where the cowboys met and interacted with the native Indians of the place. The Green Country located in the north west of the state is a land of rolling hills, which still shows strong influences of the five “civilized” tribes, do not miss the Totem Pole Park.
|NAMED: “The Sooner State”
|ORIGIN NAME: Okla: people, Homma: red, thus the tribes that populated the Indian Territory established here in 1834 defined themselves.
|CAPITAL: Oklahoma City
|OTHER CITIES: –
|MEMBER UNION SINCE: November 16, 1907 (46th state)
|CAPITAL POPULATION: 643,692 residents
|COUNTY NUMBER: 77
|POOR PEOPLE: 16.3%
|MOTTO: “Labor omnia vincit (Labor conquers all things)”
|BIRD: Scissortail Flycat
|THE FLAG: The Oklahoma flag honors more than 60 Native American groups and their ancestors. The blue field derives from a flag carried by the Choctaw soldiers during the civil war. The central shield is that of an Osage warrior’s battle. It is made of buffalo hide and decorated with eagle feathers. Two symbols of peace are found in the shield. One is the calumet, or peace pipe. The other is an olive green branch.
– AGRICULTURE: Livestock, wheat, milk, poultry, cotton.
– INDUSTRY: Electrical products, rubber and plastic products, food processing.
Agriculture in Oklahoma has transformed from small diversified crops to specific extensive crops and livestock farming. 70% of the agricultural turnover is given by breeding. Oklahoma is the second largest wheat producer in the United States; the cultivation of oats, soybeans, sorghum and cotton are also important.
Along with the exploitation of natural forests, the cultivation of pine has developed, which feeds a moderate production of paper.
Oil and natural gas account for 90% of Oklahoma’s mining production; in the eastern part of the state there are also extensive coal deposits, exploited until 1872. Other minerals that are extracted in abundance are gypsum, lead, copper, salts, limestone, granite and glass sands.
Since Oklahoma is part of the so-called Sun Belt and enjoys a subsidized tax system, as well as abundant raw materials and skilled labor, many large industries have relocated their plants there. The manufacturing activity covers a wide range of products: automobiles, tires, electrical equipment, petroleum derivatives, clothing, foodstuffs and toys. The state’s main industrial area extends from Oklahoma City to the Kansas and Missouri border.