Often referred to as the roof of the world, Tibet is a highland in Central Asia. Separated by the Himalayan Mountains, Tibet has its own culture and formed its own states before the 7th century. Until the 20th century, Tibet was an independent state. According to hyperrestaurant.com, the current membership of Tibet in the People’s Republic of China is controversial under international law. A Tibetan government in exile has existed since 1959, which is not recognized internationally, but is supported by many countries. Their spiritual and secular leader is the Dalai Lama. The Tibetan capital Lhasa is located in the Himalaya Mountains, surrounded by snow-capped mountain peaks. It is the highest capital in the world and one of the highest cities anywhere. The 6.5 million Tibetans are now estimated to be a minority in their own country. There are 7.5 million Chinese people living in Tibet. This is also one of the reasons why the Tibetan culture is gradually being lost more and more. The merging of the Bör religion and Buddhism resulted in a separate Tibetan Buddhism in just a few centuries. Today one can find many different currents of Buddhism in Tibet. Due to its unique location and the very interesting spirituality and culture, Tibet is becoming an increasingly popular travel destination, not only for mountaineers and trekking fans. A tour of the country is often combined with visits to China and / or Nepal. The merging of the Bör religion and Buddhism resulted in a separate Tibetan Buddhism in just a few centuries. Today one can find many different currents of Buddhism in Tibet. Due to its unique location and the very interesting spirituality and culture, Tibet is becoming an increasingly popular travel destination, not only for mountaineers and trekking fans. A tour of the country is often combined with visits to China and / or Nepal. The merging of the Bör religion and Buddhism resulted in a separate Tibetan Buddhism in just a few centuries. Today one can find many different currents of Buddhism in Tibet. Due to its unique location and the very interesting spirituality and culture, Tibet is becoming an increasingly popular travel destination, not only for mountaineers and trekking fans. A tour of the country is often combined with visits to China and / or Nepal.
Lhasa is the capital of the Tibet Autonomous Region. It is located in the high mountain region and is still strongly influenced by religion, which can be seen from the many monks. Its main attractions also include some fascinating temples. Like the highlight of Lhasa, the Potala Palace, the former palace of the Dalai Lama. Today it is primarily a place of pilgrimage and a museum. Among other things, you can visit the private chambers, throne and burial tuba of some Dalai Lamas. According to the tradition of Tibetan Buddhism, there are three pilgrimage routes in Lhasa. The innermost one is called Nangkhor and includes a tour of the courtyard of the Jokhang Temple. The middle route, Barkhor, includes a walk around the Jokhang Temple and other monasteries and temples in the old town. The outermost route, called Lingkhor, follows the earlier city limits. The old town is developed for tourism and is a must when visiting Lhasa. At the Barkhor market you can find everything your heart desires and you should definitely try the Tibetan specialty yak butter tea in Barkhor Street of the same name. In the western part of the city is the Norbulingka Summer Palace, which was built in 1956 by the then Dalai Lama. Its beautiful gardens invite you to stroll and relax. If you want to learn more about Tibetan culture, you should definitely visit the Tibet Museum. In the vicinity of Lhasa there are three large monastery towns founded in the 15th century: Sera, Drepung and Ganden. About 90 kilometers northwest of Lhasa is the Yambajan region at the foot of Mount Nyaingentanglha. The Yambaja hot springs are also located here, which is great for relaxing.
Yamdrok Lake can be reached from Lhasa via the Friendship Highway. The lake is one of the three sacred lakes of Tibet. On the way there you cross the 4640 m high pass Kamba La. From the top of the pass, a wonderful panorama opens up to you over the giants of the Himalayas. From the lake it is about one to two hours by car to the 5050 m high Karo La pass and the Karo La glacier of the same name.
On the way to Shigaste you should definitely stop at Shula Monastery to marvel at the oldest murals in Tibet. The main attraction of the Tibetan city itself is the Tashilhunpo Yellow Hat Monastery. The monastery complex is the seat of the Panchen Lama and now has the largest number of monks. The landmark is the 26 meter high, gilded copper statue of the seated Maitreya.
Here you can also visit the fortress-like monastery Sakya, which was the political center of Tibet for a long time.
Mount Everest is one of the 14 eight-thousanders and at 8,848m the highest mountain in the world. It is named after the British surveyor George Everest. The mountain is called Sagarmatha in Nepali and Qomolangma in Tibetan. The northern base camp of Mount Everest, also known as Chomolungma base camp, is about 90 kilometers off the Friendship Highway in Tibet at an altitude of 5,170 meters. The Rongbuk Monastery is also located at the foot of Everest. It is the highest monastery in the world. Experienced mountaineers can climb Mount Everest from here. But even the view from the base camp is gigantic.
Holy Mount Kailash
Mount Kailash is located in the Gangdisê Mountains and there towers above its surroundings by far. Its top is covered with snow all year round and resembles a pyramid or a diamond. Until a few years ago, the Ngari region in western Tibet, where the Gangdisê Mountains are located, was considered to be one of the most inaccessible areas in the world. The landscape is at an average altitude of over 4500m. Because of its great religious importance, the mountain has not yet been climbed.
The Pangong Tso is a salt lake in the Tibetan high mountain region. There it lies at over 4000m between the Indian and Chinese borders. In winter, the 690km² lake freezes over completely. The easiest way to get to the lake is via India.
There are a few domestic flight connections, but these are rarely used and due to the acclimatization it is also recommended to use the land route. The best way to get around in Tibet is to use the road network. The roads are paved and most of them are in good condition. Also, some of the streets are considered to be the most beautiful streets in the world and have great views. Rental car trips are relatively uncomplicated, but you are often not allowed to drive yourself and have to rent a car with a driver. In the controversial Qinghai-Tibet Railway, the cabins are even supplied with oxygen to prevent altitude sickness. Of course, there are also round trip offers with different levels of difficulty for the trekking tours. Organized small group trips in country combinations with Nepal or China are often carried out. Everyone gets their money’s worth on a trip to Tibet.