St. Lucia is an independent nation in North America. With the capital city of Castries, St. Lucia 2020 population is estimated at 181,889 according to countryaah. Saint Lucia was characterized in a couple of centuries by a struggle for dominion between French and British colonizers. When the island became a British crown colony in 1814, African slaves had been brought there to work on the sugar plantations. By that time, the indigenous people had wiped out or expelled the caribou. From the beginning of the 20th century, there was a trend towards increasing self-determination for the colony.
When the Europeans reached the island in the 16th century, it was populated by caribou, which for a long time managed to keep up with European colonizers. Only in 1660 did the Caribs make peace with a group of Frenchmen who established a permanent settlement on the island.
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However, no lasting peace arose for the French. The island’s strategic location with several natural ports and sugarcane cultivation led to constant fighting with the English. The dominion over Saint Lucia changed 14 times until 1814, when the island finally became a British crown colony. Slaves were brought from Africa to work on the plantations, but in 1834 slavery was abolished. For St. Lucia political system, please check diseaseslearning.
In the early 1900s, a development towards greater independence for the colony began. In 1924 Saint Lucia got its own constitution and elected government. In 1967, the island became a so-called associated state within the Commonwealth, consisting of Britain and the former British colonies. This meant that the islanders had to take care of all matters except foreign policy and defense. In 1979 Saint Lucia became completely independent.