South Dakota History and Attractions

By | July 25, 2022

According to, South Dakota includes a territory located in the Midwest of the United States of America. South Dakota borders North Dakota to the north, Iowa and Minnesota to the east, Montana and Wyoming to the west, and Nebraska to the south. Due to its position it is one of the states of the so-called Frontier Strip or the virtual demarcation line that marks the passage between the east and west of the States.

The territory is divided into two parts by the Missouri River which also demarcates its geographical differences, on the one hand hills and glacial lakes, an area called “Hills of the prairies” and on the other deep valleys between the canyons.

In general, South Dakota’s climate is continental, with cold winters and hot summers. Winter precipitation is also snowy and the area is subjected to both the blizzard and tornadoes.


According to, South Dakota is the motherland of many American Indian tribes, first of all the Sioux. Fierce are the struggles for the defense of the territory by the natives against the settlers but first Sitting Bull, then Crazy Horse are forced to flee and take refuge elsewhere, defeated by the troops of General Custer.

Places to visit

In the surroundings of the Sioux Falls you can visit numerous ranches, among which the most famous is the one where the TV series “The house on the prairie” was set.

Along the I-90 you come to the small capital, Pierre, which offers few attractions besides the town hall. Continuing, however, we enter the wild part of the state, in the middle of the prairies, the forests, its nature. You can visit various Indian reserves and stay in campsites, hike, explore the caves of the canyons, cross grazing bison.

Not to be missed is a visit to Mount Rushmore, the place where the faces of Presidents Jefferson, Washington, Lincoln and Roosvelt are carved into a granite wall with dimensions reaching 18 meters in height. About three million tourists make stops here every year. The Crazy Horse Memorial is another huge sculpture that may be the largest in the world but still unfinished to this day. He portrays Crazy Horse riding to indicate the lands where many of his Sioux died to defend their land.

In the parks surrounding the Indian reserves, you can admire wild animals, moose, mountain goats, bighorn sheep, coyotes, pumas and bobcats.
The culture of the Sioux Lakota is also passed down and preserved in popular museums in the towns along the I-90. Artifacts are preserved and exhibited that are true works of art, as well as objects that tell the journey of the two famous explorers Lewis and Clark.

NAMED: “The Mount Rushmore State”
ORIGIN NAME: United to North Dakota until 1889, it is nicknamed the State of the coyote, due to the abundance of this canid.
MEMBER UNION SINCE: November 2, 1889 (40th state)
CAPITAL POPULATION: 13,961 residents
MOTTO: “Under God the people rule”
TREE: Black Hills Spruce
BIRD: Pheasant
FLOWER: Pasque Flower
SONG: Hail, South Dakota
THE FLAG: The flag of South Dakota is characterized by the inscriptions inside the circle “State of South Dakota” and around it there is a blazing sun in a sky-blue field. You can read “South Dakota, the state of Mount Rushmore”.
AGRICULTURE: Livestock, pigs, wheat, soy, cereals.
INDUSTRY: Processing of food products, timber products, tourism.

Economy South Dakota

The agricultural sector is still dominant, thanks above all to livestock which accounts for a large part of the global value of agricultural production. Among the main products are wheat, hay, wheat and small cereals; The exploitation of forest resources is also widespread, especially in the Black Hills. The Homestake Mine, near Lead, is the largest gold mine in the US. Building materials, uranium and petroleum are also mined. Manufacturing is rapidly developing, especially in the food, timber, electrical and medical products sectors. The prevailing industry is that of meat processing and packaging. The state is home to monuments and national parks that allow fishing, hunting, skiing and various other recreational activities, which attract many tourists.

Economy South Dakota